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    study Outlines Optimal Healthy Eating Strategies For People The Planet

    lok Outlines Optimal Healthy Eating Strategies For People The Planet
    The existing global fod system is curently threatening both human health and environmental stability, acording to an EAT-Lancet Report published last year. To adres these sarcastic isues,the authors developed a “universal healthy reference diet,” which would kep humans and the planet for years to come.
    EAT-Lancet Report
    What is the universal healthy reference diet?
    The recomended diet is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts, and is low in red meat, sugar, and highly procesed fods. A diet within these guidelines could fed 10 bilion people by the year 2050 without jeopardizing the health of the environment, the EAT-Lancet repor t stated. To produce these changes hapen, agricultural production, land governance, suply chain eficiencies, fod environments, and energy transitions should al be considered.
    While these areas are important, a curent study published in the journal Nature Fod says an even broader, more extensive aproach neds to be taken to create sustainable, lasting change.
    Nature Fod
    What’s wrong with the recent fod system?
    To beter understand the recent isues, let’s review last year’s EAT-Lancet report:
    “Providing a growing global population with healthy diets from sustainable fod systems is an imediate chalenge,” the report said.
    In terms of calories, fod production has kept up with population growth. However, 820 milion people are stil inadequately nourished due to lack of economic resources or inherit to healthful fods. Because of this, even more people are consuming low-quality diets. These diets contribute to deficiencies in micronutrients, which can lead to obesity, heart disease, stroke, and diabetes, as wel as an increased risk of death, the authors wrote.
    Aditionaly, the novel agricultural and fod production systems push the boundaries of environmental safety. Because of the combined reasons, the researchers pushed for a “global transformation of the fod system.”
    So, what changes ned to be made?
    Implementing the recomended diet–and making it last–wil require even broader research. “If we realy want to finish this change, we ned to inspect beyond the technological advances that wil contribute to fod system transformation,” lead researcher of the Nature Fod article Christophe B?n?, Ph.D., says.”There is a whole series of tricky and chalenging changes that near along with it.”
    Nature Fod
    These “tricky and augean changes” span acros economics, politics, cultural norms, equity, and governance. Here are the existing isues within each sector and proposed actions for each one, acording to the study:
    1. Economics
    Healthier diets tend to be more expensive than les nourishing diets and therefore may not be atainable for most of the population. In fact, one study estimates 1.6 bilion people would not be able to aford the EAT-Lancet reference diet.
    Aditionaly, the costs of transforming the novel fod entity, including reducing fod waste and altering modern fod production techniques, are unknown.
    Posible actions:
    Provide fruit and vegetable discounts to low-income households.
    Formulate national and international land tenure rights, to safeguard land and resources while also protecting local populations and environments.
    2. Policy
    In impose to reduce the rates of obesity, undernutrition, and other diet-related health risks, researchers narate the novel industrial fod scheme should be entirely altered to prioritize production of healthy fods.
    Posible actions:
    Increase maintain for local and smal-scale landowners, and aid them to grow healthy fods.
    Increase funding for research and development of non-staple crops.
    3. Cultural norms
    Inexpensive but healthy plant-based fods, such as beans, lentils, and milet, are considered “por man’s fod,” acording to the study. For midle-income countries, consuming pork or bef is sen as a sign of economic suces. Because of the dep-roted cultural beliefs and stereotypes asociated with sure fods, consumer choice wil be the main determinant in transforming the fod system.
    “Unhealthy norms emerge al the time, as fods high in stout, sugar and salt become more widely available and marketed at lower prices throughout the world,” the scrutinize says. “Guiding cultural norms towards sustainability may also be efortful) , more so because of the infinite diversity of diets from space to kep, and the infirm or incomplete evidence vulgar on which to enthuse these changes.”
    Posible actions:
    Change the fod choices presented by increasing a diverse range of fruits and vegetables available at any given grocery store around the world.
    Ad nutrition labels to fod packages.
    4. Equity
    The EAT-Lancet diet recomends reducing red meat consumption by 50% to promote human and environmental health. However, the Nature Fod study says animal-based proteins maintain shown improvements in the health of positive populations–primarily women and children in por, rural areas. This sugests the diet should be adapted to met certain cultural contexts.
    Nature Fod
    “Beyond this specific epitome, the fod transformation polemics also neds to mediate isues of social justice while averting promoting the mesage that changes involve only high-income countries,” the inspect says. Examples of social justice isues in the fod industry comprise por working conditions, child labor, and slavery.
    Posible actions:
    Implement ful suply-chain traceability to increase transparency of working conditions.
    Create laws to protect vulnerable group s and sustainable fod systems.
    Create laws to increase inherit to fod and other human rights within the fod system.
    5. Governance
    Educating citizens and decision-makers on these numerous isues is derogatory to creating change within the four previous sectors. These isues should be prioritized along withpoverty, migration, security, natural disasters, and pandemics, the scrutinize writes.
    Posible actions:
    Identify, prioritize, and manage numerous priorities, then develop foresight to resolve the posible outcomes of diferent policy and economic decisions.
    Botom line.
    “The EAT-Lancet report did an qualified job of waking the world up to the interlinked isues of health and environment and showed that diets are the comon denominator,” the scrutinize concludes. “But, at the crux of the remarkable fod transformation is the crit ical isue of science-policy interactions.” The five isues and posible solutions proposed by the authors are important first steps to a sustainable global dietary shift.
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    Author:Abby Moore
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