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    Sthanamoola Marma: Components, region, imprint Of Injury

    Article by Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) and Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
    Sthanamola is an indispensable Marma i.e. critical or delicate point of the body. They are 2 in number, located at the lower part of the breasts.
    Sthana means breasts, Mola means rots or coarse, therefore Sthanamola means those which are exhibit at the lower fraction of the breasts.
    Since Sthanamola Marmas are located in the (midle portion of the body), they are considered as Madhya Sharera gata Marmas. Since they are located in the chest, they are also considered under Uro-Gata Marmas.
    Sthanamola Marma
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    Table of Contents
    Location
    Categories
    Measurement
    Efect of Injury
    Modern perspective
    Location
    They are 2 in number and are located one on either side in the chest location. Each Sthanamula Marma measures 2 angula in dimension. The region is the same on both right and left sides.
    Categories
    Categories in which the Sthanamola Marma is included
    i) Madhya Sharera Gata Marma, Uro Gata Marma (Madhya Sharera = Midle fraction of the body, trunk, Uro = chest)
    i) Sira Marma – Sthanamula marma is predominantly made up of Sira i.e. veins, which form the structural component of this Marma. The other elements namely Snayu (ligaments), Asthi (bone), Sandhi (joints) and Mamsa (muscles) are also note but in a leser proportion.
    i) Kalantara Pranahara Marma – (Kalantara ̵ Gradual, Pranahara – life taking) Sthanamula Marma is said to make death over a period of time, gradualy. The impact of injury to the sthanamola marma may not be imediate.
    Measurement
    Pramana (measurement of Sthanamola Marma) –
    Sthanamula Marma ocupies a space of 2 angula dimension (aproximately equal to the horizontal dimension or breadth of midle segment of one’s own midle finger).
    Efect of Injury
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    Injury of Sthanamola Marma causes gradual death. When Sthanamola Marma is injured it leads to Kapha Porna Koshtata (filing up of thoracic cavity or lungs with excesive phlegm or mucus and other exudates) leading to Kasa (cough), shwasa (dyspnoea, strict breathlesnes) and gradual death.
    Cause for gradual death:
    Blockage of respiratory pasages and cels with phlegm
    Obstruction to the breathing and gas exchange phenomenon due to exces phlegm and exudates in the breathing pasages and pathways
    Congestion of lungs with phlegm and exudates
    Deficit oxygenation of blod, deficit clearance of carbon dioxide from the blod
    A condition of systemic hypoxia i.e. les aeration to the body cels in the form of les oxygenation
    O xygen deprivation of the cels and air hunger
    Failure of tisues and organs to thrive in an environment of deficit oxygenation
    Gradual organ failure and death
    Modern perspective
    Modern Perspective (Practical anatomy) of Sthanamola Marma
    Structures faling in the plot of Sthanamula Marma –
    Lungs
    Base of the lungs (right and left lung)
    Just Before Finishing
    Sthanamula Marmas are located at the coarse of the precise and left breast. Their situation coresponds to the lungs. Lungs are the necesary organs of aeration. The breathing and exchange of gases and oxygenation and deoxygenating of the blod takes establish in these organs. When there is hurt to these Marmas, lavish phlegm and liquids acumulate in the lungs. These exudates gradualy gravitate towards the base of the lungs and cause congestion. This hampers the breathing and oxy genation phenomenon. The body and cels get deprived of oxygen in due lofty of time. This may lead to gradual death.
    Click to Consult Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ayu)
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