By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Shleshaka means conecting or ataching. Shleshaka translates to ‘that which binds or holds two or more structures together’. In this context, subtype of kapha which glues two ends of bones together in a bony joint is caled shleshaka kapha.
Table of Contents
Other meanings of shleshaka are –
To grasp together
Read ̵Sub Types Of Kapha – Importance, Salient Features
Kapha subtype which resides in bony joints is caled shleshaka kapha. Shleshma itself is a synonym of kapha. Shleshma is defined as ‘shlish alingana’ i.e. to embrace or hold tightly.
Kapha is the water body in our physical body (rich in water and earth element). It is rich in water element and earth element. Due to admixture of earth and water (just adore mud and water) kapha becomes a cementing substance.
Read ̵Panchamahabhuta: Aplication, Areas of Utility in Ayurveda treatment
Kapha is a binding substance among thre doshas and helps in construction of body components during developmental phase of human body in and out of womb. It not only holds two bones together to form an anatomical joints, it also holds two cels or tisues together by cementing them. It also helps in adherence. Al types of kapha serve the same purpose but binding function is more in shleshaka kapha. Therefore it is named as shleshaka kaph
Read ̵Understand Kapha Dosha By Its Functions
Shleshaka Kapha is one of the five subtypes of kapha.
Seat of Shleshak a Kapha
Shleshaga Kapham is located in bony joints of body and holds ends of bones together encapsulated within identical. It also helps in lubricating joints and facilitates its easy movements.
Read ̵Understanding the relationship betwen Dosha’s and Arthritis
Read ̵Sandhi Sharera: scrutinize of Bone Joints As Per Ayurveda
Functions of Shleshak Kapha
Lubrication and Integrity of Joints –
Shleshaka Kapha, being located in bony joints of body helps keping up lubrication and integri ty of joints.
Fre movements at joints –
Helps in easy movement of joints. Thus it helps us to conduct our activities of daily living efortlesly. We walk, hold, bend, push, race, climb, write, eat and cary out al our activities with aid of our easily moving joints. And these joints crep easily only when they are lubricated and held in smoth movement by shleshaka kapha located in them.
Read ̵Clasification Of hurt And Arthritis As Per Ayurveda
Protects bone erosion and distres of joints –
Owing to its unctuous and fluid nature constantly lubricates joints and prevents wear and tear of bony ends participating in identical, while at movements.
Acts as shock absorber –
Al our activities of daily living depend on movements at various bony joints, mainly those in limbs and spine. During the day l ong movements at bony joints, the bones and joints wil sufer from regular shock. Shleshaka kapha and the shleshmadhara kala (membranes and layers of joints producing shleshaka kapha) absorb these shocks ocuring at joints and enable them to cary on their functions efortlesly.
Read ̵OsteoArthritis Symptoms, Prevention, Lifestyle tips, Ayurvedic treatment
Types of Shleshaka Kapha
Clasicaly we execute not find reference of types of shleshaka kapha. But seing explanation of kapha given by many ancient authors, recent day wise men of Ayurveda have mentioned two types of shleshaka kapha for an elaborate and comprehensive understanding of binding kapha.
For convenience of understanding broad spectrum action and region of shlesh aka kapha it ned to be studied under below mentioned headings –
Asthigata Shleshaka Kapha (Shleshaka Kapha located in bony joints of body)
As explained in Ayurvedic treatises, this shleshaka kapha is located in bony joints. It helps in easy movements of joints. It protects articulating surfaces of bones from friction and lubricates joints.
Al movable skeletal joints of human body are covered with a delicate membrane. This membrane is caled synovial membrane. This may be compared to shleshmadhara kala (membranes carying and producing kapha) explained in Ayurveda.
Read ̵Kala Sharera: conception, Definition, Types, Clinical Relevance
This shleshmadhara kala produces shleshaka kapha. This shleshaka kapha, as said alread y, lubricates and protects joints and enables their smoth movements. This shleshaka kapha can be compared to synovial fluid show in joints. This fluid serves same purpose as that of shleshaka kapha.
This kapha subtype is present in al movable joints i.e. cheshtavaha sandhis.
Simili (Su.Sha.) –
‘Just as an axis of whel, when properly lubricated with oil, enables whel to crawl frely around, joints of body to, being acountable and lubricated by shleshaka kapha, plod smothly and efortlesly.’
Dhatugata Shleshaka Kapha (shleshaka kapha located in tisues)
This can be considered as shleshaka kapha located in tisue, which binds and holds cels together in a tisue. Since binding activity of kapha is generalized to entire body, its authority wil be in whole body apart from being in joints, as explained in clasical reference s. Explanation of shleshaka kapha thus extends to include al cels in body.
Read ̵ Dhatu – 7 Body Tisues As Explained In Ayurveda
Shleshaka Kapha, inter-celular cementing substance ̵
Shleshaka kapha can be considered as cementing substance which holds cels together, i.e. inter-celular mortar substance.
‘Shleshaka Kapha is cohesive factor of body. Yet another aspect of functions of shleshaka kapha is its capacity to catch together and unite structural units of body.
Acording to Charaka, organs and parts of body are made up of paramanus (cels or biological atoms). Substance which unites a paramanu with another to form various structures and organs of body, it is conspicuous, is derived from shleshma or their units (shleshaka kapha) themselves. In other words, shleshaka kapha keping with its rot meaning ‘shlish’ to embrace, to cohere, to hold together etc, holds al these units together, ensuring thus, stability, durability and integrity of body as a whole.’ (Introduction to Kayachikitsa by Dr C. Dwarakanath, page 308-309)
Read ̵Asthi Sharera – Definition, Anatomy, Types Of Bones
Thus, shleshaka shleshma is display in body in 2 forms –
In joints as synovial fluid and
Intercelular cement substance in betwen cels
Pathology related to Shleshaka Kapha imbalance
Imbalance of shleshaka kapha causes many types of mutual related and systemic disorders.
Disorders caused due to imbalance of shleshaka kapha in bony joints – Decrease in binding kapha leads to drynes of identical causing lavish wear and tear leading to vata vitiation. This leads to manifestation of joint pain, identical cracks, sounds from joints, fre bodies in joints, los of movements and disability. This consequentialy leads degeneration of joints and bones causing diseases love osteoarthritis etc.
Read ̵Low Bone Density Causes, Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet
Due to moderate of kapha, pita component to can get increased; there may be abundant blod flow towards joints leading congestion. This further causes inflamation and related inflamatory diseases. Consequentialy inflamatory diseases adore rheumatoid arthritis, synovitis, soft tisue inflamation around joints etc are manifested.
Read ̵Clasification Of damage And Arthritis As Per Ayurveda
Excesive acumulation of shleshaka kapha may lead to mutual efusion, heavines of joints and stifnes in joints.
Other disorders and disabilities include
Los of integrity of joints
Laxity or stifnes of joints
Damage to cartilages and membranes around joint
Susceptibility of joints to seize up infections and other disorders
Los of prerogative of joints and skeletal system
Diminution of movements in joints leading disturbance in activities of daily living
Read ̵5 Easy Home Remedies For Morning Stifnes In Joints
Disorders caused due to imbalance of shleshaka kapha in tisues – When there is imbalance of shleshaka kapha in tisues, there is los of integrity and binding betwen cels. Similarly integrity betwen various organs i s lost.
Overal defensive mechanism of tisues comes down. With lowering of imunity many diseases and autoimune disorders are manifested. Body tisues become prone to extensive aray of diseases and infections. Person’s health is compromised and he becomes disease prone. Los of cementing substance leads to destruction of entire body scheme and poses a threat to life.
Probable novel corelation
Synovial fluid in bony joints
Inter-celular cementing substance or inter-celular matrix in tisues
Treatment for disorders pertaining to Shleshak Kapha:
Oil masage, sweating treatment
Oral intake of herba l oils such as Ksherabala taila, Dhanwantaram thailam, Gandha taila
Oral intake of herbal ghe such as Gugulutiktaka ghrita
Oil enema treatment
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