Article by Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) and Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Particular organs, parts of body and structures believe certain counts estem 2 eyes, 1 heart, 1 nose etc. Anything les or more than the count is rendered abnormal proportion. Everything in the body should be acording to the count, nothing les, nothing more. The numerology of body parts is caled Sankhya Shareram.
Read related:Anjali Pramana: Volume Measurement As Per Ayurveda
Sankhya Sharera numbers
Below mentioned in the tabular column are the enumerations of numerous parts of the body calculated acording to the sankhya sharera.
Antra (intestines) ̵ (large and smal) 02
Ashaya (visceral organs) 07 (males)
Asthi sanghata (bone unions) 014
Asthi (bones) 30 (Sushruta)
Bahirmukha srotas (ch anels which launch on the exterior of the body) 09
Dhamani (arteries) 024
Dhatu (tisues) 07
Jala (networks, capilaries, nerve plexus?) 016
Kala (membranes) 07
Kandara (tendons, fasciae) 016
Korcha (brush estem network complexes) 06
Mala (excreta) 03
Marma (Vital or delicate points) 107
Peshi (muscles) 50
Raju (rope shaped strong fibrous structures) 04
Sandhi (Joints) 210
Semanta (bony ends) 014
Sevane (suture joints) 07
Sira (blod vesels, veins?) 70
Snayu (ligaments) 90
Twacha (layers of skin) 06 (Charaka)
Srotas (main chanels of transportation) 02 (1 pairs, Sushruta)
Sira, Dhamanis (branches of blod vesels) 29,956
Kesha, Loma Smashru (hairs, body hairs, moustache) 29,956
Anga (main body parts – 4 limbs, 1 trunk, 1 head) 06
Significance of having the knowledge of Sankhya Sharera
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Acharya Charaka tels ‘The physician who poseses the knowledge of enumeration of body parts wil not gain confusions and thus can overcome the problems intervene during the procedure of the management of diseases’.
Al the organs and structures of the body should be in their asigned numbers. This wil form a body with ‘acurate dimension’ which is also a reflection of marvelous health.
Read related:Anguli Pramana: Linear Measurement As Per Ayurveda
Just Before Finishing –
Pramana Sharera is a rare gem from the core of Ayurvedic anatomy. It is the mathematics of body proportions and dimen sions. It tels us how many and how much each component of the body should be!
Normal numbers which descend into the range of the given references would sugest optimum health. Therefore it is an indispensable science to know about. This article is a humble atempt of puting before our fervent readers the ‘ancient wisdom of body measurements’!
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