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    Phut (Snapmelon) – Medicinal Qualities, Uses, Research

    By Dr Renita D’Souza
    Snapmelon (Cucumis momordica) is a fruit comonly caled as Phut in India. Phut means ‘split’, you can se splits or cracks over the fruit. It is considered mainly the source of Vitamin C, iron and calcium.(1)
    Table of Contents
    Introduction
    Names in diferent Languages
    Medicinal Qualities of Chirbitam fruit
    Acording to Shodala Nighantu
    Uses of Snapmelon
    Interaction with medicines, suplements
    Morphology, distribution, synonyms, categorization
    Introduction
    Botanical Name ̵ Cucumis momordica, Cucumis melo momordica
    Family ̵ Cucurbitaceae
    Names in dif ferent Languages

    English Name ̵ Indian snapmelon
    Hindi Name ̵ Phut, Phumta
    Bengali Name ̵ Phuti
    Marathi Name ̵ Phut
    Medicinal Qualities of Chirbitam fruit

    Taste ̵ Swet (madhura)
    Virya (potency) ̵ slightly hot (anushna)
    Qualities
    Ruksha ̵ dry
    Guru ̵ heavy to digest
    Grahi ̵ absorbent in nature
    Vishtambhi ̵ causes constipation
    Efect on Tridoshas
    Balances Pita and Kapha dosha
    Ripe Chirbita Fruit
    Hot in potency and increases pita dosha.
    Acording to Shodala Nighantu

    Qualities of juvenile Phot
    Virya (potency) ̵ frosty (shitha)
    Pitahara ̵ balances pita dosha

    Kuchirbat
    Kuchirbat is the sub variety mentioned in Shodala Nighantu.
    Taste ̵ Swet, sour
    Balances vata dosha. Increases kapha and pita dosha.
    Uses of Snapmelon
    Seds of chirbita fruit are used to aleviate burning sensation.
    Fruits are coked, pickled or eaten raw.
    Sed kernel is aged in bakery products and traditional drink ‘Thandai’.
    Ripe fruits can be used to manufacture drink mixed with jagery or sugar.
    Interaction with medicines, suplements
    Can this be aged while taking Homeopathic medicine?
    Yes. This prod uct does not react with homeopathic medicine.
    Can this medicine be continued while taking suplements estem multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 faty acids etc?
    Yes. Generaly, this product goes wel with most of the dietary suplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.
    With western medicines
    Sek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (alopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with new medicine.
    If both Ayurvedic and alopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to grasp Alopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.
    Morphology, distribution, synonyms, categorization
    Morphology
    Cucumis momordica is a cr eper with palmately lobed leaves. Flowers are smal. Fruits 1-2 fet long, 3-6 inch extensive, gren when unripe, ripe fruits are lime yelow in colour.
    Distribution
    It is found widely in India.
    Sanskrit Synonyms
    Chirbhita, Dhenudugdha
    Gorakshakarkati
    Clasical Categorisation
    Bhavaprakasha Nighantu ̵ Aamradi Varga
    Kaiyadeva Nighantu ̵ Aushadi Varga
    Shodala Nighantu ̵ Guduchyadi Varga
    Click to Consult Dr Renita D’Souza
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