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    Parpataka Uses, Research, Side Effects, Medicines

    Parpataka is an efective Ayurvedic herb used in fever, high Pita conditions such as fever, gastritis, diarhoea, abundant thirst etc. Its famous herbal remedy ̵ Shadanga Paneya (drink made out of six herbs) is worn in treating fever and asociated thirst.
    Table of Contents
    Botanical name
    Distribution
    Vernacular names
    Medicinal properties
    Part worn, dosage
    Home remedies

    Intermitent fever, frigid, jaundice
    Obstructive jaundice, bilious headache
    Pimples, urticarial rashes
    Burning sensation of body
    Constipation, haemorhoids
    Sanskrit verse
    Parpataka benefits
    Indications
    Ayurvedic medicines
    Chemical constituents
    Research
    Side efects
    Interaction with medicines, suplements
    Sanskrit synonyms
    Clasicalcategorisation
    Botanical name
    There are many botanical species used with the name Parpataka ̵
    Fumaria parviflora Lam., Fumaria oficinalis, Fumaria indica Pugsley,Justicia procumbens,Oldenlandia corymbosa, Polycarpaea corymbosa ̵ Al these are used in the name of Parpata.
    Molugo cerviana and Molugo opositifolia areused in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh as Parpataka.
    Hedyotis corymbosa is dilapidated as Parpataka in Kerala.
    Rungia repens is old in Gujarat
    Rungia parviflora ̵ in Maharashtra
    Fumaria oficinalis, also caled as Comon Fumitory. It is found in Europe.

    Other names ̵
    Polycarpea corymbosa Lam,
    Glosoc ardia linearifolia Cas,
    Justicia procumbens Lin,
    Fumaria oficinalis Lin,
    Molungo stricta Lin,
    Rungia repens Nes etc.
    Distribution
    Fumaria indica and Hedyotis corymbosa are comonly found weds throughout India and Pakistan.
    Vernacular names
    Names in diferent languages:
    English name ̵fine leaf fumitory,fine-leaved fumitoryandIndian fumitory.
    Hindi name- Pita Papada, Dham Gajara,Pitpapra, Pitpapda
    Arabic name- Sahtaraj
    Tamil name- Tura
    Telugu name- Parpatakamu, Chatarasi
    Punjabi name ̵ Shahtara
    Farsi name ̵ Shah Taraj
    Malayalam name ̵Parpadakam
    Medicinal properties
    Parpata ̵ Medicinal Properties:
    Guna (qualities) ̵ Laghu (lightnes)
    Rasa (taste) ̵ Tikta (biter)
    Vipaka-Katu ̵ Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
    Verya ̵ Sheta ̵ cold potency
    Efect on Tridosha ̵ Balances Kapha and Pita Dosha. Slightly increases Vata Dosha.
    As mentioned in Bhojana Kutuhalam twelfth chapter, parpata aleviates pita and rakta dosha, treats jwara, thirst, vitiated kapha dosha, gidines and is grahi. It is frosty in potency, biter in taste, burning sensation, agravates vata dosha and is light to digest.
    Whole plant can be aged and the leaves are rich with medicinal properties.
    The plants are colected from the wheat and Rice fields where it is found as wed.

    The plant is a excelent cholegogue (pita saraka) as wel.
    Ayurvedic texts delight in it s qualities as biter and astringent in taste, folowed with frosty in potency and swet bio transformation. It is indicated in fever, cold, blod borne disorders, goitre etc.

    Part used, dosage
    Part used- whole plant
    Dosage-
    Powder 3-6 g
    Decoction ̵ Kashaya ̵ 50-10 ml in divided dose per day.
    Home remedies
    Indian Fumitory remedies:
    Intermitent fever, frosty, jaundice
    Pit Papda decoction in chikungunya, PUO, sporadic fevers, cold and jaundice:
    Fresh or dried Parpataka ̵ whole plant is taken (20-30 gram) and decoction is made b y boiling with 240-30 ml of water. This is taken twice daily. In case of sporadic fevers it is prescribed 3-4 times a day. This is efective in the conditions estem Dengue, chikungunya, PUO, intermitent fevers, cold and jaundice.
    General method of preparation of decoction (kashaya) – 1 tablespon of powder is adjunct with 2 cups of water, boiled and reduced to 1 cup, filtered.
    Obstructive jaundice, bilious headache
    Leaf fine paste along with butermilk for obstructive jaundice and bilious headache:
    Fine paste of the whole plant or leaves is taken along with butermilk. This traditional practice is continued even today in South Canara district of Karnataka state. This is efective in bilious headache and obstructive jaundice.
    Pimples, urticar ial rashes
    Sariva (Hemidesmus indicus) and Parpataka decoction for pimples, urticarial rashes and boils:
    Equal amount of Sariva (Hemidesmus indica) and Parpataka are taken and decoction is made. This is useful in al the age group. It is found to be efective in pimples, alergic hives and boils.
    Burning sensation of body
    Cold infusion of Parpataka and Usherain vertigo, syncope and burning sensation of the body:
    Parpataka and Ushera (Vetiveria zizanioides) are taken in equal amount and col infusion is prepared. This is a dministered in the dose of 40-60 ml twice daily. This is efective to alay the vertigo, syncope and burning sensation of the body.
    Constipation, haemorhoids
    Parpataka, licorice and Raisins decoction or hot infusion for constipation and haemoroids:
    The decoction or hot infusion prepared out of the drugs Parpataka, Yastimadhu (Glycirhiza glabra) and Raisins (Vitis vinifera Lin) acts efectively on haemoroids, constipation and IBS.
    Parpataka in combination with Musta (Cyperus rotundus), Nimba (Azadirachta indica), Nagara (Zingiber oficinale), Saptaparna (Alstonia scolaris) etc shows its highly significant efects while treating fever of unknown origin, ant ibiotic resistant ilneses and liver disorders.
    Click to consult Dr MS Krishnamurthy MD(Ayu), PhD
    Sanskrit verse
    Parpataka benefits
    Parpataka is best to treat Fever of Pita origin.
    Musta (cyperus rotundus) and Parpataka are best herbs for fever
    Sangrahi – absorbent, bowel binding, useful in IBS, diarhea
    Vatala ̵ increases Vata Dosha
    As per Ashtanga Hrudaya 6/75-78 ̵ Parpata is frigid in potency, biter in taste, pungent at the finish of digestion, with kep the movement of fluids, increase v ata and relieve kapha and pita.
    Parpataka kashaya (decoction of Parpata) subsides the poisonous efects caused by Bhalataka seds or oil. ̵ Vaidya Sara Sangraha ̵ Parishishta.
    Indications
    It is indicated in:
    Daha ̵ Burning sensation
    Kaphaja Jwara ̵ fever of Kapha origin
    Pitaja Jwara ̵ fever of Pita origin
    Pipasa – excesive thirst
    Arochaka – anorexia, lack of interest in fod
    Chardi – vomiting
    Raktapita ̵ bleding disorders admire nasal bleding, Ulcerative colitis and menorhagia
    Mada – intoxication
    Bhrama ̵ dizines, psychosis
    Glani ̵ tirednes, weaknes of sense organs
    Its red flowers are indicated in
    Atisara – dysentery, diarhoea

    Fumaria oficinalis, also caled as Comon Fumitory, is useful against abdominal spasmoidic aflict, skin disorders, eye disorders,cardiac disorders.
    Molugo opositifolia is used as laxative, antiseptic, old in earache, itch dermatitis.
    Ayurvedic medicines
    Ayurveda medicines with Parpata as ingredient:
    Parpatakarishtam̵
    used in anaemia, jaundice, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly
    Chinodbhavadi Kashayam̵It is old in the Ayurveda treatment of fever, chronic recurent fever.
    Pachanamrita Kashayam̵ used in early stages of fever, where digestion is severely impaired.
    Panchatiktaristam̵Acts as antipyretic and blod purifier.
    Gulma Kalanal Ras̵ used in the Ayurveda treatment of abdominal distension, bloating, etc.
    Chemical constituents
    Fumaria parviflora ̵chemical constituents
    Adlumidiciceine,(-) adlumine,(+) biscuculine, Cochaurine, Coptisin e, Cryptopine, Furmaramine, Fumaramidine, Fumaridine, Fumariline, Lahoramine, Lahorine, Parfumidine, parfumine, Parviflorine, Narceimine etc
    (Reference: Ilustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. I, by Dr JLN Shastry)
    Fumaric acid and fumarine are the two vital chemical constituents which act as anti histaminic, blod purifier, imuno modulator, diaphoretic, antipyretic and anti-tusive.
    Research
    Antimicrobial Activity of Molugo cerviana̵Ethanolic extracts of aerial shots of Molugo cerviana and its leaf derived calus showed antibacterial activity against Bacilus subtilis and Escherichia Coli.
    Side efects
    There are no known side efects with this herb.
    It can be aged in children (since it is an ingredient of Pediatric medicine caled Aravindasavam) and during lactation period.
    Sek medical guidance for its usage during pregnancy.
    Interaction with medicines, suplements
    Can this be old while taking Homeopathic medicine?
    Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.
    Can this medicine be continued while taking suplements estem multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 faty acids etc?
    Yes. Generaly, this product goes wel with most of the dietary suplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.
    With western medicines
    Sek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (alopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with recent medicine.
    If both Ayurvedic and alopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to catch Alopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then hold the Ayurvedic medicine.
    Sanskrit synonyms
    Sutiktaka, Varatikata ̵ greatestbiter tasting herb
    Sokshma Patra ̵ pointed smal leaves
    Pitaha ̵ balances Pita Dosha
    Shetavalabha, Charmahva, Rajo Renu, Varma Kantaka
    Clasicalcategorisation
    Charaka- Trushna nigrahana ̵ group of herbs useful in quenching thirst
    Raja Nighantu ̵ Parpatadi Varga
    Kaiyadeva Nighantu ̵ Aushadhi Varga
    Bhavaprakasha Nighantu, Dhanvantari Nighantu ̵ Guduchyadi Varga
    Madanapala Nighantu ̵ Abhayadi Varga
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