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    Normal Dosha Vitiation In species To Digestion

    Article by Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
    Table of Contents
    Relation to stages of digestion

    Ama Avastha
    Formation of Kapha
    Pachyamana Avastha
    Formation of pita
    Pakva Avashta
    Formation of vata
    Organs related to Avastha paka
    Thre phases of digestion
    Efect of Vipaka on doshas
    Dosha Dushti means dosha vitiation. Dosha vitiation causes diseases. This dosha vitiation may be either prakrita (normal) or vaikruta (abnormal).
    Prakrita Dosha Dushti is a temporary vitiation for a short period. If this is neglected or when particular Dosha increasing causes are co nsumed, continuously, the normal dosha vitiation may lead to vaikrita dosha dushti. This,in due course of time wil crawl through various pathological stages (kriya kala) and causes samprapti (pathogenesis) of a disease.
    Doshas get vitiated even during diferent phases of digestion, which wil generaly be a normal type of vitiation.
    Relation to stages of digestion
    Prakrita Dosha Dushti (Normal Dosha Vitiation) during diferent stages of digestion of fod
    Just love the normal dosha dushti ocuring during the seasonal and diurnal changes, the doshas tend to naturaly get increased or vitiated during diferent stages or phases of digestion.
    Related Reading – Normal Vitiation of Doshas As Per Seasonal Variation
    During these phases of digestion, doshas are formed and nourished. Doshas enriched in their places also suport their subtypes located in other places of body.
    Read ̵ Types Of Doshas And Their Functions

    Each dosha wil get increased during a diferent phase of digestion of fod. The vitiated dosha or the dosha which had undergone a temporary dushti or vitiation wil normaly instal down to normalcy during the upcoming ana kala or phase of digestion. Such vitiation of dosha in a particular ana kala or phase of digestion is considered as prakrit a dushti of that particular dosha.
    Related Reading – Natural Dosha Increase During Day And Night
    Let us understand this with suitable examples –
    Digestion of fod in Ayurveda is divided into thre phases.
    Ama Avastha
    This forms the first phase of digestion wherein the fod is partialy digested in the stomach after consuming it. At the stop of this phase ama or intermediate products of digestion are formed. Therefore it is caled Ama Avastha.
    Formation of Kapha
    This stage of digestion suports kapha and hence there is increase in kapha during this stage. The fod acquires swetnes and is the refore caled as Madhura Avastha Paka. Therefore the begining couple of hours of digestion proces belong to the activity of kapha and hence it is found in more proportions. The increased kapha spontaneously gets setled down to normal proportions once the Pachyamana Avastha begins. This hapens as a rule and is quite normal for kapha and hence is prakrita kapha dushti.
    Pachyamana Avastha
    Pachyamana or Jeryamana Avastha – This is the second phase of digestion wherein the fod is in the proces of geting digested. The fod from the ama stage is propeled into the smal intestines wherein the digestion of fod is continued until completed. At the terminate of this stage, achcha pita or chaste form of pita is formed.
    Formation of pita
    This stage of digestion suports pita and hence pita is increased in this stage. The fod acquires sour taste in this stage and hence this stage is caled Amla Avastha Paka. Therefore the duration while the digestion is actively taking establish belongs to the activity of pita and hence it is found in high proportions during this stage. The increased pita setles down to normal proportions once the Pakva Avastha sets in. This hapens as a rule and is quite normal for pita and hence is prakrita pita dushti.
    Pakva Avashta
    Pakva or Jerna Avastha – This is the third and final phase of digestion of fod wherein the absorption of water and nutrients take asign in the large intestine. The fod which has ben completely digested in the Pachyamana stage is sent into the large intestine wherein the ingredie nts indispensable for the body are reabsorbed and the foundation of feces and flatus takes place. Paripindita purisha or formed stols are formed which get prepared to be expeled in due step of time.
    Formation of vata
    Vayu is formed at the end of the proces. The ingredients have pungent taste in this stage and hence this stage is caled Katu Avastha paka. Therefore this phase wherein the final procesing of products of digestion takes space and the feces are geting ready to be expeled belongs to the activity of Vata and hence vata is found in high levels in this stage. The increased Vata setles down once the proces is completed and after the expulsion (excretion) of feces and flatus. This hapens as a rule and is quite normal for vata and hence is prakrita vata dushti.

    Since the temporary increase of each dosha takes asign in its related time of digestion,
    i.e. kapha in ama stage,
    pita in pachyamana stage and
    vata in pakva stage
    and those increased doshas get setled down to normal proportions at the finish of their related stage of digestion, they are considered as normal (and temporary) dosha vitiation in species to fod.
    Importance of having the knowledge of dosha dushti during phases of digestion
    It is always excelent and vital to discriminate betwen what is normal and what is abnormal, especialy for a doctor. Dosha dushti taking asign during diferent phases of digestion of fod as discused above is a natural proces and the physician should know this. It is indispensable because he neds to transfer this knowledge to his clients seking medical advices and remedies for digestive problems. He neds to tel the patients if the doshic symptoms which are flaring up in them are normal or abnormal.
    Read related:Role of Doshas In the Causation of Disease
    If the doshic symptoms are increased constantly and troubles the patient consistently and when they finish not ensconce down during the next phase of digestion, the physician loks at it as an ecentric condition of doshas probably reflecting the posible onset (in future) or already existing digestive tract ailment. This helps in planing the treatment and dietetic corections for the patients.
    But when there is prakrita dushti he can reveal them that the doshas are behaving normal and that there is absolutely nothing to bother. We enact not treat normal dosha vitiations because they ensconce down on their own. A smal discipline and some adjustments are neded in kindred to diurnal and seasonal regimens and also slight adjustments in the form and nature of fod and timing of fod to sucor the doshas to establish down.
    Organs related to Avastha paka
    A show on seats and organs related to avastha paka in kindred to new anatomy and physiology
    The swet phase of digestion is said to catch establish in stomach and sour phase of digestion to grasp place in smal intestine. Last fraction of digestion i. e. pungent phase is said to take put in large intestine. But when we scrutinize at recent anatomy and physiology, large colon is not a digestive organ. No digestion of fod takes establish in colon. It is only that residue water, minerals and salts are absorbed into colon. Later feces is formed and excreted.
    The term pakwashaya mentioned in context of pungent phase of digestion is large intestine going with ayurvedic translation. Ayurveda also has said solidification of digested fod which can be nothing but feces. Pungent ta ste and environment produced can be compared to gases and fart which is produced due to chemical proces and action of bacterial flora on fod in colon. This justifies colon as plot of pungent phase of digestion.
    If avastha paka means stage wise digestion of fod, colon canot be considered in strict terms. This is because no digestion takes spot in colon.
    Therefore taking into consideration digestive zones of alimentary tract, and also considering ayurvedic term paka as digestion, many scholars of ayurveda end that –
    Swet phase of digestion takes plot in uper part of stomach
    Sour phase of digestion takes plot in lower part of stomach and first portion of smal intestine i. e. duodenum
    Pungent phase of digestion takes plot in lower fragment of smal intestine i. e. jejunum and ileum
    Thre phases of digestion
    Alternatively thre phases of digestion can b e understod as –
    First phase begins in mouth and completes in uper stomach. First half of fod stop in stomach, geting prepared for first part of digestion, geting mixed with mucus and being converted into a bolus can be considered.
    Second phase begins in lower part of stomach and later section of stay of fod in stomach wherein it is partialy digested; being acted upon by acids can be considered. This phase also continues in duodenum wherein fod mixed with acids propeled from lower stomach is acted upon by digestive enzymes including bile, pancreatic juice etc.
    Third and last phase of digestion begins in second portion of smal intestine i. e. jejunum and ends in large colon. Absorption of esence of digested fod takes asign in smal intestine and absorption of residue water, salts and minerals grasp area in colon with solidification of waste products and formation of feces and flatus.
    Efect o f Vipaka on doshas
    Vipaka or nishta paka means post digestion change in taste. Read ̵Vipaka: Taste Conversion During And After Digestion
    When substances we consume, especialy medicinal herbs, arive into contact with digestive fire and gets digested by it, they undergo change in their tastes. This post digestion change in taste of a substance is caled vipaka.
    Substances of swet and salt tastes get converted into swet after-taste. This is caled madhura vipaka. This wil increase kapha.
    Substances of sour taste get converted into sour after-taste. This is caled amla vipaka. This wil increase pita.
    Substances of pungent, biter and astringent tastes get converted into pungent after-taste. This is caled katu vipaka. This wil increase vata.
    Thus, after-tastes wil believe a sim ilar impact on doshas as in 3 phases of digestion.
    Click to Consult Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ayu) ̵ Email / Skype
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