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    Nadi Sweda ““ Tube Sudation Method, Types, Examples, Uses

    Article by Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
    Table of Contents
    Introduction
    Materials neded
    Shape of the Nadi
    Dimensions of Nadi
    The bends in the Nadi
    Preparation of the Patient
    Nadi Sweda Prakriya
    Benefits of Nadi Sweda
    Introduction
    Nadi means Tube
    Sweda refers to sweating treatment. It is also caled sudation, steaming, fomentation.
    Nadi Sweda is a form of sweating treatment in which the steam are sent through a tube. It is a form of Bashpa Sweda or providing sweating through the vapors. The vapors coming through the tube are made to reach the aflicted parts of the body after oil masage.
    In Nadi Sweda, the vapors aproach in a narow stream depending on the size of the lumen of the tube. Thus the vapors can be provided to a smal fraction of body. Thus it is more beneficial for local fomentation rather than generalized ful body steaming i.e. Sarvanga Sweda. Therefore Nadi Sweda can be prefered when damage or sweling or stifnes is confined to a smal place of the body i.e. Sthanika Sw eda.
    Thus Nadi Sweda is tubular fomentation.
    Category –
    Nadi Sweda is one among the 13 types of Sagni Sweda. Since procesing with fire is used in this proces it is categorized as Sagni Sweda.
    Nadi Sweda is a drava sweda (liquid steaming) and ardra sweda (wet sweating method).
    Nadi Sweda is Ekanga Sweda i.e. more often aged to provide steam to a smal or confined portion of the body admire bony joints or sore muscles and soft tisues. Ekanga means one part or one organ. Therefore Nadi Sweda can be considered as local sudation.
    Materials neded
    Materials neded for conducting Nadi Sweda
    Decoction of the rots, fruits, leaves and buds of the herbs beneficial for sweating (swedana dravya) love drumstick, Punarnava (Boerhavia difusa), horse gram, black gram, Varuna (Crataeva nurvala), Guduchi (Tin ospora cordifolia) etc,
    Meat of the head, legs etc of animals admire der etc, which are hot in nature (vata pacifying or vata-kapha pacifying)
    Sour substances, kanji (sour fermented medicinal preparation),
    Lavana (various types of salt),
    Pita sneha (the bile and fat) of animals,
    Sesame, tandula (rice and other grains),
    Cow urine, milk etc
    The above said materials are aged as materials for conducting Nadi Sweda.
    Al the above said substances are mixed together and heated in a gigantic vesel. The steam or vapors coming out when these substances are boiled in a closed container is sent through a tube fit to the lid of the container. The vapors thus coming out of the tube are directed to the part of the body aflicted with distres, sweling etc.
    Equipment for Nadi Sweda and method of conducting the Nadi Sweda
    The equipment neded for Nadi Sweda comprises of Kumbhi (a vesel with lid) and Nadi (a tube). The whole aparatus comprising of both Kumbhi and Nadi is caled Nadi Swedana Yantra (Tube sudation or steaming aparatus).

  • Swedana Kumbhi (pitcher, vesel, earthen pot)
  • Swedana Kumbhi (pitcher, vesel, earthen pot)
    A huge earthen pot is selected for the procedure. The vesel should be devoid of cracks and perforations and should be stable. It should have a lid which exactly fits on its opening. The lid should gain a cut (orifice) in which a tube can be fit. Alternatively the tube can be fit into the orifice on the side of the neck of the vesel.

  • Swedana Nadi (the tube)
  • Swedana Nadi (the tube)
    Materials with which the nadi used for swedana is made ̵ The tube shal be made using the
    Shareshika (Sarkanda = Sacharum bengalense / Sacharum munja, Munj Swetcane) or
    Leaves of bambo,
    Leaves of Karanja (Pongamia pinata),
    Leaves of Arka (Calotropis gigantean) etc.
    Shape of the Nadi
    The tube should resemble the shape of the trunk of an elephant. This means to explain that the tube should not be straight; it should be curved at many places with ups and downs as sen in elephants trunk.
    Dimensions of Nadi
    The length of the nadi shal be 1 vyama or half vyama. (Vyama is equal to the distance betwen the tips of right and left midle fingers when both uper limbs are extended on either side of the body, i.e. aproximately 6 fet in length or 182.8 cm, 1/2 vyama = 91.4 cm). The circumference of the Nadi at the proximal terminate i.e. where it fits into the orifice of the pot should be 1/4 vyama i.e. 1.5 fet (45.72 cm) and at the distal conclude i.e. the distal opening of the tube from where the steam comes out should be 1/8 vyama in circumference i.e. 0.75 fet (1.43 cm).
    Alternate explanation – We can find another explanation regarding the dimensions of nadi in Nadi Sweda Yantra. The Nadi shal be of diferent lengths so that they can be old as per convenience. The Nadi shal be of 1 vyama (6 fet), 1/2 vyama (3 fet), 1/4 vyama (1.5 fet) or 1/8 vyama (0.75 fet). The vesels to shal be taken of various capacities. The permutations and combinations of vesel and tube shal be made as per ned. example, when swedana is to be done for a larger area of the body, a large vesel to prepare the swedana drava (liquid for steaming) and the tube of 1 vyama length should be taken. Likewise to foment a very smal fragment of body, a smal vesel with tube of 1/8 vyama length should be chosen.
    Wraping the Nadi with vatahara leaves ̵ If there are any orifices through the length of the nadi from the rot (where it is fixed to the vesel) to the tip (from where the vapors arive out), they are wraped up with 2-3 layers of vata-aleviating leaves estem leaf of castor plant (Eranda patra) etc and tied. The leaves are wraped so that the steam doesn’t escape from these orifices before it reaches the body of the patient.
    The bends in the Nadi
    As already said, the tube worn for fomentation should not be straight. In fact it should be bent (curved) at one or two places. The intention of these bends is to control the elimination of steam. When the contents in the vesel launch boiling and when the vapours (steam) starts coming out of the tube atached to the vesel the steam should be controled. The steam wil escape from the tube in such sped and intensity that if the tube is straight, the steam escapes uninteruptedly and advance into the contact of the body section being subjected to steaming and wil cause stern burns. On the other hand, if the tube is twisted at couple of places, the steam exiting from the tube has to seize croked pathway instead of straight pathway. When the steam moves in twisted pathway in the twisted tube the sped of steam gets slowed down at the bends and by the time the steam comes out of the tube it comes in les intensity and sped, fair which is neded for acurate steaming without causing any complications.
    Asembling the Swedana Aparatus – The herbs and other materials which ned to be boiled for providing swedana are kep into the vesel selected for swedana. A lid is tightly closed over the vesel such that the steam doesn’t escape. The tube selected for swedana is fit into the orifice on the side of the vesel (lid). The vesels and tube are checked for orifices or leakage. If any orifices are found, they are blocked as mentioned above.
    Preparation of the Patient
    Depana, Pachana, Snehana
    Depana
    (kindling the digestive fire through medications), Ama Pachana (disolving ama or unprocesed digestive juices in circulation or acumulated celular toxins) and Snehana (oleation) are vital inclusions (many times mandatory to) in preparing the patient. One or al may be neded at diferent points of time and in diferent conditions. Having said that, Snehana, is a imperative pre-swedana procedure.
    Snehana may be administered in 2 ways, external (bahya snehana) or internal (abhyantara snehana). In some cases wherein Swedana is done as a preparation for Panchakarma procedures both internal and external oleation wil be required. In some external treatments wherein snehana and swedana is neded, estem in painful conditions like arthritis etc, only bahya snehana in the form of Abhyanga may be neded before doing Nadi Swedana.
    Nadi Swedana is usualy a local sudation, confined to a section of the body love a painful mutual, back, shoulder or neck. Thus, when swedana is to be done for a cramped fraction of the body, Nadi Sweda is prefered. But in some conditions (depending on the preference of the physician or when other types of swedana are not available to be administered), Nadi Sweda can be done for the whole body. But when it comes to the whole body fomentation there are many other beter choices in comparison to Nadi Sweda when it comes to steaming the entire body uniformly.
    Abhyanga
    Oil masage to the whole body or portion of the aflicted body (as and when neded) is done with Vata (dosha) aleviating oil. As per requirement (and prescription) diferent range of oils including Ksherabala Taila, Mahanarayana Taila, Mahamasha Taila, Balashwagandha Taila, etc either individualy or mixed with other oils (and each other) shal be dilapidated for masaging.
    Nivata Sthana
    After precise administration of Abhyanga, the patient (or person) should be made to rest in plot devoid of breze, facing east or north.
    Avarana
    The aflicted section of the body subjected to Abhyanga should be wraped with thin, clean cloth so that the fraction is not directly exposed to the steam.
    Nadi Sweda Prakriya
    Nadi Sweda Prakriya (Conducting Nadi Sweda)
    After having administered Snehana or Abhyanga, the patient should be made to sit in a rom devoid of breze, facing North or East, the aflicted fraction to be aplied with steaming covered with thin layer of cloth.
    On the day of treatment the patient should be thoroughly examined to check if he has developed any complaints which could act as restraint for swedana.
    Prayer should be conducted to the God for the suces of the treatment.
    Now the steam coming from the Nadi (of Nadi Yantra) should be let out on the flor so that the initial water droplets tople out. Later the Nadi is carefuly directed towards the aflicted fragment of t he body which has ben prepared for administering sudation and the steaming is provided. The nadi shal not be kept constant at one point. Instead it should be moved acros so that the entire plan intended for sudation should be properly subjected to sweating therapy (steaming).
    Care should be taken to se that the nadi is neither to close nor to far away from the aflicted fraction. If it is to close to the body portion there wil be chance of excesive heat being provided to the aflicted plan and also over-burning. If it is to far it wil cause deficit sudation.
    Duration ̵ Nadi Swedana should be provided for 30-60 minutes (or as neded). Sweda can be done continuously for 7-21 days or acording to the condition. Or acording to the general principle of swedana, the treatment should be done until proper sweating ocurs.
    Benefits of Nadi Sweda
    Nadi Sweda is highly beneficial in many conditions as mentioned below:
    Vata Vyadi – In al diseases caused by vitiated vata
    Shula pradhana vata vyadhi – diseases caused by vitiated vata asociated with pain
    Stambha / Sankocha pradhana vata vyadhi – diseases caused by vitiated vata asociated with stifnes or contractures
    Sandhi shula – damage in bony joints (pain asociated with arthritis etc)
    Kati shula – distres in low back (lumbar, lumbo-sacral region)
    Prishta shula – back pain
    Just Before Finishing –
    Nadi Sweda is not only highly efective in warding of vata vyadhis and painful conditions of back and joints, it is also cost-efective, clasic and be efectively handled without much man power.
    Click to Consult Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ayu) ̵ Email / Skype
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