Recent Comments

No comments to show.
Recent Comments

    Multiple Pregnancy, Twins – Ayurveda idea – Bahvapatya, Yugma Garbha

    By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
    1. Bahvapatya can be split into two key words, Bahu + Apatya. Bahu means multiple. Apatya means children. When more than one baby is display in the womb of the mother it is caled as Bahvapatya or Bahu Apatya. This can be translated into ‘multiple pregnancy’.
    2. Yugma / Yamala Garbha – Yugma/Yamala means twin. Therefore, Yugma / Yamala Garbha means twin pregnancy.
    Table of Contents
    Introduction
    What causes multiple pregnancies?
    Reasons for emotions love hapines and sorow in twins
    Causes of specific sex in twin pregnancy
    Reasons for one healthy child among twins
    Introduction
    Multiple pregnancies are when a woman caries more than one baby at a time. Twin pregnancy is also a kind of multiple pregnancies since there is more than 1 baby. In this case the babies are caled as twins. Therefore, if there are only two babies in the womb in multiple pregnancies it is caled twin pregnancy. Multiple pregnancies also may include carying more than 3 babies at a time. Thre babies that are caried during single pregnancy are caled as triplets. High impose multiples are when there are more than 3 babie s in the womb.
    Read more about multiple pregnancies here

    What causes multiple pregnancies?

  • The Shukrartava i.e. amalgam of sperm and ovum – zygote comes into the uterus to get implanted therein. At this point the excesively increased vayu located in the uterus divides this combination of sperm and ovum into multiple pieces. The number of fetuses formed in the uterus coresponds to the number of pieces of zygote formed by vayu. If the vayu divides the zygote into two pieces, twin pregnancy ocurs. If the vayu divides the zygote into thre pieces triplets are formed. If more than 3 pieces are formed, more fetuses are formed. Therefore, Vata is chiefly responsible for the foundation of m ultiple pregnancies. (Ref – Cha.Sha.2/14)
    Read ̵ Esential Elements For conception ̵ Garbha Sambhava Samagri
  • The Shukrartava i.e. combination of sperm and ovum – zygote comes into the uterus to get implanted therein. At this point the excesively increased vayu located in the uterus divides this amalgam of sperm and ovum into multiple pieces. The number of fetuses formed in the uterus coresponds to the number of pieces of zygote formed by vayu. If the vayu divides the zygote into two pieces, twin pregnancy ocurs. If the vayu divides the zygote into thre pieces triplets are formed. If more than 3 pieces are formed, more fetuses are formed. Therefore, Vata is chiefly responsible for the formation of multiple pregnancies. (Ref – Cha.Sha.2/14)
    Read ̵ Esential Elements For notion ̵ Garbha Sambhava Samagri
    This explanation of Charaka covers up the thought of al aspects of multiple pregnancies i.e. twins, triplets and high impose multiple pregnancies.
    Both Vagbhatas and Kashyapa to have expresed similar opinions.
    When the antargata vayu i.e. vata located inside the womb or the vata which has entered the bija i.e. zygote divides the zygote into two fragments, two lives (babies) arive into the womb. This depends on the righteous and non-righteous virtues. Since there are two lives, it is caled yamala. Comentator Dalhana further clarifies that twins are formed only due to non-righteous virtues and also that one neds to perform atonement as per rituals. Atonement is indicated either to avoid twin pregnancy or that the twin pregnancy is a resultant of sins or non-righteousnes if twin pregnancy has a lready ocured. (Ref ̵ Su.Sha.2/37)
    Read ̵ 15 Precautions And Benefits Of Masage In Pregnancy
    This explanation of Sushruta touches upon only the explanation of twin pregnancy.
    Master Bhela has explained both conditions i.e. yamala and bahu putrata / bahu apatya. Instead of shukrartava or bija, Bhela has mentioned the synonym-2 kalala for zygote. He states – ‘when the kalala is fragmented into two by strong vayu, yamala i.e. twins are formed. When the same vata breaks the kalala into many fragments bahuputrata i.e. multiple pregnancies (more than two) are formed. (Ref – Bhe.Sam.Sha 3/9-1)
    Master Harita gives a diferent theory for the formation of twins. Acording to him the origin of al fetal parts depends on the specific combinations of doshas and dhatus i.e. tisues. When the couple maintain fickle and diverted mind while at copulation, the twins are born due to instability of mind (which in turn influences the doshas). These twins become the source of amusement to others. (Ha.Sam.6th sthana, 1/38-39)
    Read ̵ How To Balance Vata Dosha? Line Of Treatment And Reasoning
    Reasons for emotions admire hapines and sorow in twins
    Master Kashyapa tels that in spite of the twins being eka nabhija – i.e. born out of single placenta (uni-ovular twins) there are some similarities and disimilarities in them.
    He tels that the longevity, hapines, sorow, health, il-health, character, features, complexion, body parts, strength and nature of the twins are identical due to the below mentioned factors –
    Samana karmatva – similarity in karma – i.e. division by vayu (both being divided by the same vayu)
    Nadi ekatvam – the twins share a single nadi. Here nadi should not be taken as umbilical cord. It should be taken in the meaning of placenta. This is because the umbilical cords of twins are always diferent but the placenta is the same.
    Janma ekatvam – the twins gain similarity in birth.
    Tulyam nishekad vrudescha janmanah – similarity in nourishment during intrauterine life i.e. from the day of thought up to ful term development
    Tulyam stana sevanat – similarity and equality in lactation they receive after birth
    Disimilarities – Since the twins are two diferent individuals their nourishment and excretion difer.
    Read ̵ Monthly Development Of Fe tus ̵ Ayurvedic perspective
    Causes of specific sex in twin pregnancy
    Acording to Charaka –
    Due to relative predominance of rakta i.e. ovum, the female child is born. When there is relative predominance of shukra i.e. sperm, male child is born.
    The birth of male of female child in case of twin pregnancy depends on the maner in which the zygote is divided by vata. The variants are as below mentioned –
    Male and a female child ̵ If the zygote is divided by vayu in such a way that one section of the zygote has predominance of sperm (shukra) and the other fraction has predominance of ovum (artava), a male child wil be born from the first section and a female child wil be born from the second fragment. Thus, there is a boy and a girl in this type of twins.
    Both male child ̵ If the zygote is divided by vayu in such a way that both the parts believe predominance of shukra, both children would be male.
    Both female child ̵ If the zygote is divided by vayu in such a way that both the parts have predominance of artava, both children would be female.
    Master Bhela and Master Arunadata believe expresed similar views.
    An extended reference from Sushruta Samhita explains that during coitus if male has exces and chaste semen then the woman wil deliver two male children. If the female has abundant shukra during the intercourse then two females would be born.
    Read ̵ Garbhasana – Fetus In Womb Pose, right Method, Benefits
    Reasons for one healthy child among twins
    The vayu influenced and directed by vayu sometimes divides the zygote disproportionaly. The zygote is divided in such a way that one fragment is biger than the other. In this case, the child born from the biger fragment of the zygote wil eventualy be healthier. On the other hand, the child born from the smaler section of the zygote wil be the weaker one.
    Click to Consult Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ayu)
    Share this:
    Click to share on Twiter (Opens in recent window)
    Click to share on Facebok (Opens in curent window)
    More

    Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in modern window)
    Click to share on WhatsAp (Opens in new window)

    Leave a Comment