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    Meda (Polygonatum verticillatum) Uses, Qualities, Remedies, Research

    By Dr Renita D’Souza
    Meda (Polygonatum verticillatum) is an Ayurvedic herb which is mentioned as one among the Ashtavarga herbs, an Ayurvedic formulation with 8 strength promoting herbs. Traditionally, the rhizomes of this plant are used to increase the physical strength, nourish the body tissues, acts as aphrodisiac, rejuvenative, galactagogue and nervine tonic. In some regions of Himalaya people use this plant as vegetable and its roots are also eaten raw.
    Read – Ashtavarga Group Of Herbs Benefits, Research
    Botanical Name – Polygonatum verticillatum Linn
    Campydorum verticillatum (L.) Salisb. nom. inval.
    Convallaria leptophylla D.Don
    Convallaria stellifolia Peterm.
    Convallaria verticillata L.
    Family – Liliaceae
    Table of Contents

    Vernacular Names
    English Name – Whorled solomon’s seal
    Sanskrit Name – Meda
    Hindi Name – Basuchidra, Devamani, Pandura, Shakakul, Seal, Vasuchhidra
    Urdu Name – Nor-e-Alam
    Pahari Name – Salam mishri
    Nepali Name – Keruwa, Khinraula
    Pashto Name – Peramole
    Kashmiri Name – Mishri, Mitha dodhu, Ra-mnye, Khol
    Gilgati or Balti Name – Saat Ashee in
    Chinese Name – Lun Ye Huang Jing
    Medicinal Qualities
    Taste (Rasa) – Sweet
    Potency (Virya)
    – Cold
    Qualities (Guna)
    Guru – heavy to digest
    Action (Karma)
    Vrishya – Aphrodiasiac
    Sthanyavaham – increases breast milk
    Brihmana – nourishes the body tissues
    Shukrakrit – increases semen
    Effect on Doshas
    Balances aggravated Pitta and Vata dosha
    Aggravates Kapha dosha
    Read – Kakoli (Roscoea purpurea) Uses, Medicinal Qualities, Remedies, Research
    Therapeutic Uses
    Burning sensation
    Pain (arti)
    Tuberculosis (Rajayakshma)
    Emaciation (Kshaya)
    Depletion of body tissues (Kshata kshaya)
    Part Used
    Rhizome powder – 2- 3 grams or as directed by the physician
    Read – Kshirakakoli (Lilium polyphyllum) Uses, Medicinal Qualities, Research
    Sanskrit Verses
    Polygonatum verticillatum is used as folklore medicine. Its utility varies in different places
    In General debility, the plant root is used with milk and ghee. This recipe is practised in some parts of Gilgit. In other regions this plant is taken to cure flatulence.
    The roots of the plant are cut into small pieces and soaked in water overnight. Next morning, it is crushed in same water and consumed daily every morning. This remedy is used to treat Spermatorrhaea and piles.
    In leucorrhoea, root powder is mixed with water and taken daily.
    To treat wound, root paste of meda plant is applied externally on wound.
    Read – Brimhaneeya Gana Herbs: Review, Benefits, Formulations
    Nutritional Values
    Polygonatum verticillatum contains moisture [(84.53 +/- 4.69) g/100 g], protein [(16.20 +/- 1.62) g/100 g], fat [(0.46 +/- 0.06) g/100 g], fibre [(12.33 +/- 0.57) g/100 g], carbohydrates [(17.07 +/- 0.00) g/100 g], ash [(7.45 +/- 0.79) g/100 g], energy value [(108.23 +/- 9.73) Kcal/100 g]. The plant also possess micronutrient such as Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium, Iron, Copper and Manganese.
    Pharmacological Activities
    Polygonatum verticillatum possesses Antimalarial, Antipyretic, Anti-inflammatory, Anticonvulsant, Lipoxygenase, Urease Inhibition, Diuretic, Tracheorelaxant, Antidiarrheal, Antispasmodic, Antinociceptive, Antifungal, Antibacterial and Bronchodilator activities.(A)
    Botanical Description
    Polygonatum verticillatum is a perennial rhizomatous herb with erect stem growing up to 2-4 feet in height. Leaves are arranged in whorls, sessile, Lanceolate/linear in shape. Flowers are white or pale yellow, tinged with green. Fruits berry, red and when matures it turns purple in color. Rhizomes are thick, white in color, sandy surface and shortly branched.
    Description of rhizomes of Meda as per Bhavaprakasha Nighantu – They are white in color and secretes latex when pricked by nails, which resembles like fat tissue.
    Polygonatum verticillatum is mostly found in Himalayan regions, Kashmir, Sikkim, Southeast Tibet, West Asia, Europe, Russia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan and China.(B)
    Satavari (Asparagus racemosus), Salam mishri (Eulophia campestris Wall.) are used as substitutes for Meda (Polygonatum verticillatum)
    Chemical Constituents
    Rhizome and aerial parts of Polygonatum verticillatum contain saponin, alkaloids, glycosides, phenols, flavonoids, sterols and tannins. In addition, rhizomes also has anthraquinones and terpenoids.
    Classical Categorization
    Bhavaprakasha Nighantu – Harithakyadi Varga
    Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Oshadivarga
    Dhanvantari Nighantu – Guduchyadi varga
    Raja Nighantu – Parpataadi varga
    Madanapala Nighantu – Abhayadi varga
    Charaka Samhita – Included Meda under Jeevaniyaani, Shukrajananani and Snehopagaani dashemaani.
    Sushruta Samhita – Included meda under Kakolyaadi ghana.
    Antinociceptive activity – A study that conducted with a aim to establish the pharmacological rationale for the traditional use of the Polygonatum verticillatum rhizomes in painful conditions and plant as a diuretic, has substantiated the folklore use of this plant as an analgesic.
    Tracheorelaxant, Anti-inflammatory activities – A study was done to describe the tracheorelaxant and anti-inflammatory activity of Polygonatum verticillatum has proved the significant effect of Polygonatum verticillatum as tracheorelaxant through a Ca2+ channel blockade mechanism and anti-inflammatory activity.
    Aphrodisiac Activity – A study conducted on Aphrodisiac properties of Polygonatum verticillatum leaf extract have proved the significant aphrodisiac effect of leaf extract of Polygonatum verticillatum.
    Dhaanwantharam mezhukupaakam – Used to treat vata diseases, paralysis, tissue depletion, pediatric problems etc.
    Bruhath Chandanaadi Thailam
    Amruth jeevan rasayan – Used in fatigue, low immunity etc
    Brihat ashwagandha Ghrita – Used in oligospermia, infertility etc
    Madhuyashtyadi taila – Best used in pitta related diseases such as fever and burning sensation
    Shatavaryadi ghrita
    Brihat Chagaladya Ghrita – Used to treat all types of Vata diseases
    Vasachandanadi taila
    Dhanwantharam thailam – Widely used to treat spondylosis, arthritis and neuro muscular conditions
    Mahanarayan oil – Used in arthritis, paralysis and other vata diseases
    Kamdev Ghrita – Used as aphrodisiac, rejuvenative, improves sperm count,body strength and skin complexion.
    Artilon Soft Gel – Used in osteoarthritis
    Dhanwantharam Kashayam – Used in post natal care of mother
    Shiva gutika – Used in liver and spleen disorders
    Prasoothika Kahayam – Used after delivery for restoring health
    Guduchyadi taila – Used gout, itching in the scalp and headache
    Baladhatryadi thailam – Best used in eye diseases
    Classical Categorization
    Bhavaprakasha Nighantu – Haritakyaadi varga
    Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Oshadi varga
    Dhanvantari Nighantu – Guduchyaadi varga
    Raja Nighantu – Parpatadi varga
    Madanapala Nighantu – Abhayadi varga
    Charaka Samhita – Included Meda under Jeevaniyaani, Shukrajananani and Snehopagaani dashemaani.
    Sushruta Samhita – Included Meda herb under Kakolyaadi ghana.
    Read – Shukrajanana Gana: Herbs To Improve Semen, Sperm: Review, Formulations
    Scientific Classification
    Kingdom – Plantae
    Division – Tracheophyta
    Class – Liliopsida
    Order – Liliales
    Family – Liliaceae
    Genus – Polygonatum
    Species – verticillatum
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    Sanskrit Synonyms
    Vasa, Manichidra, Jivani, Shalyaparnika,
    Nakhachedya, Hima, Ranga, Madhyadesha,
    Medah, Sara, Snehavati, Medini,
    Madhura, Vara, Snigdha, Medodrava, Sadhvi, Shalyada, Bahurandrika
    Dharaapi, Medabava, Vidhya, Surameda, Shreshta, Surameda, Samudbhava, Shyama,
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