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    Mahameda Uses, Medicinal Qualities, Remedies, Research

    By Dr Renita D’Souza
    Mahameda (Polygonatum cirrhifolium (Wall.) Royle) is an Ayurvedic herb which is mentioned as one among the Ashtavarga herbs, an Ayurvedic formulation with 8 strength promoting herbs. Traditionally, the rhizomes of this plant are used to increase the physical strength, nourish the body tissues, acts as aphrodisiac, rejuvenative and galactagogue.
    Botanical Name – Polygonatum cirrhifolium (Wall.) Royle
    Synonyms – Convallaria cirrhifolia Wall
    Family – Liliaceae
    Read – Meda (Polygonatum verticillatum) Uses, Qualities, Remedies, Research
    Table of Contents

    Vernacular Names
    English Name – King’s Solomon’s Seal, Tendril leaf Solomon’s seal, Coiling leaf Solomon’s Seal. Coiling leaf Polygonatum.
    Sanskrit Name – Mahameda
    Hindi Name – Mahameda, Devarigaala
    Tamil Name – Mahameda
    Malayalam Name – Mahameda
    Telugu Name – Mahameda
    Kannada Name -Mahamedha
    Medicinal Qualities
    Taste (Rasa) – Sweet
    Potency (Virya)
    – Cold
    Post digestion taste (Vipaka) – sweet
    Qualities (Guna)
    Guru – heavy to digest
    Action (Karma)
    Vrishya – Aphrodiasiac
    Sthanyakrit – increases breast milk
    Brihmana – nourishes the body tissues
    Shukra vivardana – increases semen
    Ruchya – appetizer
    Effect on Doshas
    Balances aggravated Pitta and Vata dosha
    Aggravates Kapha dosha
    Read – Jeevaneeya Gana Herbs of Charaka: Review, Medicines, Benefits
    Therapeutic Uses
    Burning sensation
    Bleeding disorders
    General debility (Kshaya)
    Fever due to vata dosha
    Cough
    Anorexia
    Wound
    Emaciation
    Gout
    Seminal disorders
    Bronchitis
    Tuberculosis
    Part Used
    Rhizome
    Dosage
    Rhizome powder – 2- 3 grams or as directed by the physician
    Sanskrit Verses
    Remedies
    Aphrodiasiac, Blood purifier – Mahameda root infusion with made with milk and consumed is used as folklore medicine. Its utility varies in different places.
    Read – Ashtavarga Group Of Herbs Benefits, Research
    Pharmacological Activities
    Polygonatum cirrhifolium possess Antioxidant, Hypoglycemic, Hypotensive, Antibacterial and Antifungal activities.
    Botanical Description
    Polygonatum cirrhifolium is a perennial herb grows up to the height of 20 -120 cm. Stem is unbranched, weak and glabrous. Leaves are 3-6 arranged in whorls, sessile and linear in shape. Flowers are pendulous, white greenish or purple in color, stamens – 6 inserted in the middle of the tube. Fruits are globose, green and turns orange red on ripening.
    Bhavapraksha Nighantu described rhizome of Mahameda as pale white in color resembling like ginger. Grows in Moranga (South East part of Nepal). The plant is also called by the name “Vani meda”.
    Read – Jeevaka (Microstylis wallichii) Uses, Medicinal Qualities, Remedies, Research
    Distribution
    Polygonatum cirrhifolium is found in Northern Asia, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan and in India it is found in temperate Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Manipur and Uttarakhand.
    Substitutes
    Satavari (Asparagus racemosus), Nagbala (Sida veronicifolia Lam.), Shakakul mishri (Polygonatum multiflorum) and Prasarani (Paederia foetida Linn.) are used as substitutes of Mahameda.
    Chemical Constituents
    Polygonatum cirrhifolium contains -L-rhamnopyranosyl, -Dglucopyranoside, dauvosterol, -sitosterol, 6- nonadecenoic acid, 6-stearic acid and one inorganic compound.
    Nutritional Values
    Polygonatum cirrhifolium rhizomes are rich in starch, protein, pectin and asparagine.
    Research
    A research study ” Ferulic Acid and Maleamic Acid – The Probable Scientific Basis of Pairing of Meda-Mahameda (Polygonatum cirrhifolium andP. verticillatum) Couplets” investigated that presence of maleamic acid in both plants Meda and Mahamedais is the bases for pairing of these plants. (Read more)
    Sanskrit Synonyms
    Vasuchidra, Tridanti, Devatamani, Manichidra, Devamani, Madhura, Vasuchidraka,
    Vriksharuha, Mahapurushadantika, Jivani, Pamshuragini, Deveshta, Surameda, Divya, Devamani, Devagandha, Mahachidra, Rkshaarha, Rudrasamita.
    Classical Categorization
    Bhavaprakasha Nighantu – Harithakyadi Varga
    Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Oshadivarga
    Dhanvantari Nighantu – Guduchyadi varga
    Raja Nighantu – Parpataadi varga
    Madanapala Nighantu – Abhayadi varga
    Charaka Samhita – Included Mahameda under Jeevaniyaani dashemaani.
    Sushruta Samhita – Included Mahameda under Kakolyaadi ghana.
    Read – Shukrajanana Gana: Herbs To Improve Semen, Sperm: Review, Formulations
    Formulations
    Chyavanprash
    Dasamoolarishtam
    Dhaanwantharam mezhukupaakam – Used to treat vata diseases, paralysis, tissue depletion, pediatric problems etc.
    Bruhath Chandanaadi Thailam
    Prasoothika Kahayam – Used after delivery for restoring health
    Amruth jeevan rasayan – Used in fatigue, low immunity etc
    Brihat ashwagandha Ghrita – Used in oligospermia, infertility etc
    Madhuyashtyadi taila – Best used in pitta related diseases such as fever and burning sensation
    Shatavaryadi ghrita
    Brihat Chagaladya Ghrita – Used to treat all types of Vata diseases
    Vasachandanadi taila
    Dhanwantharam thailam – Widely used to treat spondylosis, arthritis and neuro muscular conditions
    Mahanarayan oil – Used in arthritis, paralysis and other vata diseases
    Kamdev Ghrita – Used as aphrodisiac, rejuvenative, improves sperm count, body strength and skin complexion.
    Artilon Soft Gel – Used in osteoarthritis
    Dhanwantharam Kashayam – Used in post natal care of mother
    Shiva gutika – Used in liver and spleen disorders
    Scientific Classification
    Kingdom – Plantae
    Division – Tracheophyta
    Class – Liliopsida
    Order – Liliales
    Family – Liliaceae
    Genus – Polygonatum
    Species – cirrhifolium
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