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    Lakshmana (Ipomoea sepiaria) – Uses, Actions, Side Effects, Research

    By Dr Renita D’Souza
    Lakshmana (Ipomoea sepiaria) is a highly potent Ayurvedic herb mainly aged to cure infertility in women.
    It is also considered as an aphrodisiac, rejuvenates the body, improves strength, act as uterine tonic and helps to conceive. It balances al thre Vata, Pita and Kapha dosha. It is dilapidated in pumsavana karma.
    Botanical Name ̵ Ipomoea sepiaria
    Family ̵ convolvulaceae
    Synonyms ̵ Ipomoea marginata
    Table of Contents
    Vernacular names, morphology
    Qualities, action
    Uses of tabo kalmi
    Sanskrit verse ̵ Nighantu
    Part dilapidated, controversy, distribution
    Sanskrit verse ̵ Sushruta
    Side efects, category, research
    Interaction with medicines, suplements
    Chemistry, morphology, medicines
    Sanskrit synonyms
    Vernacular names, morphology
    Names in diferent Languages
    Sanskrit Name ̵ Lakshmana
    Hindi Name ̵ tabo kalmi
    English Name ̵ Purple heart dignity, Hedge bind-wed
    Kanada Name ̵ Lakshmana
    Tamil Name ̵ Mancikai, Manjikam,Putra janani
    Marati Name ̵ Amti vel
    Konkani Name ̵ Amti vel
    Bengali Name ̵ tabo kalami
    Malayalam Name ̵ Thiruthali
    Telugu Name ̵ Lakshamana
    Gujarati Name ̵ Hanuman vel
    Oriya ̵ Mushakani
    Morphology of Ipomoea sepiaria
    It is a climber. Leaves are clasic, alternate, ovate ̵ heart shaped, 4 ̵ 6 cm long, 5 ̵ 8 cm width, poses brownish or purplish patch at the centre. Flowers are funel shaped, white to pink purple coloured grows up to 3 ̵ 4 cm long. Poses tuberous perenial rot. Ocasiona ly the plant is hirsute (covered with stif hairs).
    Qualities, action
    Medicinal Quality of Laxmana Plant
    Taste (rasa) ̵ Madhura (swet)
    Virya (potency) ̵ Shita (cold)

    Guna (quality) ̵
    Sara (laxative, induces mobility)
    Ruksha (dry)
    Guru (heavy to digest)

    Karma (actions)
    Stri vandyatva vinashini ̵ cures infertility in women
    Balya ̵ promotes strength, nourishment
    Rasayanakari ̵ rejuvenates body cels and tisues
    Aayu prada ̵ longevity
    Sowbhagya prada ̵ brings prosperity
    Garbhada ̵ helps to conceive
    Vrishya ̵ aphrodisiac
    Efect On Doshas
    Tridoshahara ̵ Balances al thre doshas Vata, Pita and Kapha dosha (R.N)
    Pitanilahara ̵ decreases pita and vata dosha,
    Kaphaprada ̵ increases kapha (K.N)
    Uses of tabo kalmi
    Master Sushrutha mentioned its nasal administration by boiling with milk for begeting progeny (pumsavana karma)
    On the second day of a curent born baby, the ghe prepared of laxmana plant (Lakshmanasidha Ghritha) is given oraly to the baby. (Sushrutha sharera sthana)
    In infertility, it is consumed with milk.
    Tantra Shastra describes magical and paranormal properties of Lakshman plant. It also describes profuse Satvik and tamasik paranormal remedies using this plant.
    Laksmana is considered as marvelous antidote to arsenic.
    It is also old to treat burning sensation, exces thirst, general debility, diabetes, ulcers.
    In leucorhea (vaginal white discharge), Lakshmana rot powder of 1 teaspon is consumed with rice water.
    San skrit verse ̵ Nighantu
    Part aged, controversy, distribution
    Part Used Tubers
    Controversy about Identification of Lakshman Plant
    Folowing herbs are considered as Lakshman ̵
    ̵ Ipomoea sepiaria
    ̵ Atropa mandragora
    ̵ Smithia geminiflora
    ̵ Biophytum sensitivum Ginseng (Aralia quinenquefolia) a plant which is available in China is also considered as Lakshman plant which is mentioned in Ayurvedic treatise. It is acepted on findings that the tubers of Ginseng resembles the shape of human and the meaning of ‘Putrakakara’ synonym given to Laksman is considered as tuber resembling the shape of human. Dhanvantari Nighantu has considered Shweta Kantakari as lakshman plant. (Read more about Kantakari plant )
    Distribution Ipomoea sepiaria is found in Africa, China, India, Sri Lanka, Indo-China, Australia
    Sanskrit verse ̵ Sushruta
    Side efects, category, research
    Side Efects of Ipomoea sepiaria There are no recorded side efects. High dose intake can cause diarhoea or vomiting due to its Sara quality.
    Clasical Categorisation
    Bhavaprakasha Nighantu ̵ Guduchyadi Varga
    Dhanvantari Nighantu ̵ Guduchyadi Varga
    Kaiyadeva Nighantu ̵ Au shadi Varga
    Raja Nighantu ̵ Mulakadi Varga
    Shodala Nighantu ̵ Lakshmanadi Varga
    Madanapala Nighantu ̵ Abhayadi Varga
    Charaka Samhitha ̵ Prajasthapani ( Amogha plant is dilapidated as its synonym)
    Research points of Lakshmana plant
    1. Source plant of Lakshmana ̵ An experimental lok to identify the source plant of lakshmana with reference to its action on female infertility maintain identified Euphorbia fusiformis as the posible source of Lakshmana .
    The plants selected for experimental scrutinize ̵ Euphorbia fusiformis, Solanum xanthocarpum (white flowered) and Ipomoea sepiaria. The morphological features of these plants are similar to that of lakshmana plant as described in the literature.
    2. A research study done to investigate pharmacognostical and phytochemical components of leaf of Ipomoea sepiaria maintain revealed the presence of components adore saponin, resin, alkaloids, tanins, flavonoids and other phenolic compounds. (Read more here)

    3. Anti fungal Activity ̵ A research scrutinize done to evaluate anti-fungal efect of methanolic extract of rot against Candida albicans which is responsible for leucorhoea gain proved its anti fungal activity and justified the use of its rots to treat leucorhoea.

    4. Laxative Activity ̵ An experimental study undertaken to evaluate the impres of leaf and rot of Ipomoea sepiaria on intestinal transit time maintain proved that both rot and leaf samples of I. sepiaria have marked intestinal motility enhancing property, among which leaf sample is found to be beter. Hence the study also showed that for the therapeutic purpose leaf can be prefered to get beter activity profile and also to impede catastrophic harvesting of the plant. Thus justified the folklore use of this herb to treat constipation.

    5. A research scrutinize caried out to evaluate the anti-diabetic activity of ethanolic leaves extract of Ipomoea sepiaria against normal and Streptozotocin induced diabetic rats maintain proved the significant Diabetic activity

    6. Anti cancer Activity ̵ A research inspect c onducted to evaluate anticancer activity of aqueous extract of Ipomoea sepiaria against C-3 human prostate cancer cel lines has proved its significant anti-cancer activity against prostate cancer cel lines.
    Interaction with medicines, suplements
    Can this be old while taking Homeopathic medicine?
    Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.
    Can this medicine be continued while taking suplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 faty acids etc?
    Yes. Generaly, this product goes wel with most of the dietary suplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.
    With western medicines
    Sek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (alopathic / modern) medicin es. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with novel medicine.
    If both Ayurvedic and alopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to hold Alopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then hold the Ayurvedic medicine.
    Chemistry, morphology, medicines
    Chemical constituents of Ipomoea sepiaria
    The leaf of Ipomoea sepiaria contains saponins, glycocides, resins, flavonoids, alkaloids, tanins and phenolic compounds. Phyto-constituents in rots ̵ carbohydrates, alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, phenolic compounds, tanin and saponin.
    Morphology of Lakshman plant as per the Ayurveda Literature
    Bhavaprakasha Nighantu mentions that leaves of lakshman plant maintain smal red spots which forms the shape of a human.
    It resembles the plant Bastaghandha (Cleome gynandra Lin) It helps in conceiving. Madanapala Nighantu mentions lakshmana plant is a hairy climber (romavali) with milky white flowers (Gokshera sadresha pushpa) and leaves with red spots.
    Flowers resemble the neck of crane (lakshmanakara) Charaka Samhitha mentions lakshmana under the group of vegetables. (Reference ̵ Anapanavidi adhyaya 27/101)
    Ayurvedic medicines with Lakshman as ingredient
    Lakshmanarishtam ̵ It is a liquid for medicine old to treat gynaecological disorders admire menorhagia, metrorhagia, iregular periods and heavy periods.
    BrihatPhala Ghrita ̵ It is a herbal ghe form medicine used as medicine and for snehakarma in preparatory procedure of Panchakarmato treat female infertility.
    Memocap Capsule ̵ It is a nerve and memory tonic, improves analytical capability and memory power. Improves learning competence , relieves mental fatigue. used in misery, insomnia, mental fatigue, behavioural disorders.
    Lakshmanarista ̵ It is an Ayurvedic formulation mentioned in Bhaishajyaratnavali. It is said that taking lakshmanarista for 1 month can cure almost al gynaecological disorders.
    Lakshmana louham ̵ An Ayurvedic formulation mentioned in Bhaishajyaratnavali is aged to treat gynaecological disorders.
    Sanskrit synonyms
    Sanskrit Synonyms of Lakshmana
    Lakshmana ̵ flowers resemble the neck of a crane The term ‘Lakshmana’ means fortunate or endowed with auspicious signs. It is also refered to a female crane.
    Putrakakara, Putrada, Putrajanai ̵ helps in conceiving
    Raktabinduchada, Raktha bindu patra ̵ leaves marked with red spots
    Sushweta, Shwetapushpi ̵ Poses white flowers
    Kantakari ̵ poses thorns
    Durlabha ̵ chalenging to obtain
    Maha aushadai ̵ highly potent medicine
    Kshetraduti, Sitasimhi
    Nagini, Naga, Shulini, Nagapatra
    Putrakanda,Tulini, Majika, Putradathri
    Click to Consult Dr Renita D’Souza
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