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    Karshu Sweda, Kumbhi Sweda and Kupa Sweda – Similarities, inequity

    Article by Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
    Karshu Sweda (trench sudation), Kumbhi Sweda (pitcher-bed sudation) and Kupa Sweda (pit sudation) are the forms / types of Sagni Swedana (sudation in which there is use of fire, i.e. medicines procesed or heated or burnt with the encourage of fire are aged to provide sudation). They are 3 among the 13 types of Sagni Swedas.
    Al these 3 types of swedana lok alike but there is diference in the methodologies in which al the thre forms of sudation are conducted. This is the acumen that they cary diferent names.
    In this article we wil try to understand the similarities and diferences betwen these thre types of sudation, which is very vital from clinical (treatment) point of view, especialy for the physicians.
    Related Reading – Karshu Sweda
    Table of Contents
    Similarities
    Disimilarities
    Tabular representation
    Similarities
    Similarities betwen Karshu Sweda, Kumbha Sweda and Kupa Sweda

  • Al the thre forms of these sudation therapies are Sagni Swedas i.e. sudation therapies wherein fire or heat induced from the fire are used to provide sudation.
  • Al these thre forms of sudation are Sarvanga Swedas i.e. sudation in which ful body is given with steaming.
  • In al these sudations i.e. karshu sweda, kumbha sweda and kupa sweda, pit is dug in the ground. In these pits the dried wods of me dicinal plants or dung of animals like cow, camel, donkey, horse, elephant etc are burnt or the hot decoctions (as in kumbhi sweda) are placed. The heat eliminated from these materials through the pit wil cause sudation of the patient who has ben subjected to abhyanga (herbal oil masage) lying on a cot placed above the pit or trench. Therefore al these thre types of swedanas are under-bed sudations.
  • Related Reading – Kumbhi Sweda
  • Al the thre forms of these sudation therapies are Sagni Swedas i.e. sudation therapies wherein fire or heat induced from the fire are worn to provide sudation.
    Al these thre forms of sudation are Sarvanga Swedas i.e. sudation in which ful body is given with steaming.
    In al these sudations i.e. karshu sweda, kumbha sweda and kupa sweda, pit is dug in the ground. In these pits the dried wods of medicinal plants or dung of animals adore cow, camel, donkey, horse, elephant etc are burnt or the hot decoctions (as in kumbhi sweda) are placed. The heat eliminated from these materials through the pit wil cause sudation of the patient who has ben subjected to abhyanga (herbal oil masage) lying on a cot placed above the pit or trench. Therefore al these thre types of swedanas are under-bed sudations.
    Related Reading – Kumbhi Sweda
    Disimilarities
    Disimilarities betwen Karshu Sweda, Kumbhi Sweda and Kupa Sweda

  • The pit dug in Karshu Sweda is al-encompasing at the botom and gradualy tapers as it reaches the surface (least width is at its mouth on the surface of the ground). Some even expose that the trench should be of the shape of a pot (barel shaped), broad below and tapering towards the opening. On the other hand, in Kumbhi Sweda, the pit is dug in such a way that the lower half or thre fourths of the pitcher dilapidated in the treatment is buried in it. This shows that the pit in Kumbhi Sweda is smaler than the trench made in the karshu sweda. Meanwhile in Kupa Sweda, the pit is uniform and rectangular in shape (square acording to other’s opinion). It is of the shape of the cot and its length and breadth being few centimeters les than those of the cot placed on its top. Its depth wil be twice that of its length with its iner surface al around trimed into smoth layers.
  • In Karshu Sweda the rots and dried wods of vata aleviating plants or medicinal herbs are burnt so as to provide sudation. Alternatively the burning charcoal of these wods may be placed in the trench. In Kumbhi Sweda, kashaya or decoction of vata aleviating herbs is place in the pitcher buried in the pit. Red hot iron bals or stones are place into this pitcher. The liquid gets heated and provides sudation to the patient who is lying on the cot overlying the pitcher. In Kupa Sweda, the dried purisha or dung of the animals estem cow, camel, horse, donkey, elephant etc is kep into the rectangular (square) pit dug beneath the cot and burnt. The heat eliminated from these materials wil provide sudation to the patient sleping on the cot overlying the pit.
  • Related Reading – Kupa Sweda
  • The pit dug in Karshu Sweda is wide at the botom and gradualy tapers as it reaches the surface (least width is at its mouth on the surface of the ground). Some even tel that the trench should be of the shape of a pot (barel shaped), broad below and tapering towards the opening. On the other hand, in Kumbhi Sweda, th e pit is dug in such a way that the lower half or thre fourths of the pitcher used in the treatment is buried in it. This shows that the pit in Kumbhi Sweda is smaler than the trench made in the karshu sweda. Meanwhile in Kupa Sweda, the pit is uniform and rectangular in shape (square acording to other’s opinion). It is of the shape of the cot and its length and breadth being few centimeters les than those of the cot placed on its top. Its depth wil be twice that of its length with its iner surface al around trimed into smoth layers.
    In Karshu Sweda the rots and dried wods of vata aleviating plants or medicinal herbs are burnt so as to provide sudation. Alternatively the burning charcoal of these wods may be placed in the trench. In Kumbhi Sweda, kashaya or decoction of vata aleviating herbs is establish in the pitcher buried in the pit. Red hot iron bals or stones are place into this pitcher. The liquid gets heated and provides sudation to the patient who is lying on the c ot overlying the pitcher. In Kupa Sweda, the dried purisha or dung of the animals admire cow, camel, horse, donkey, elephant etc is place into the rectangular (square) pit dug beneath the cot and burnt. The heat eliminated from these materials wil provide sudation to the patient sleping on the cot overlying the pit.
    Related Reading – Kupa Sweda
    Tabular representation
    Similarities and Diferences betwen Karshu Sweda, Kumbhi Sweda and Kupa Sweda – a quick-check
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