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    Kankola Piper cubeba Uses, Remedies, Research, Side Effects

    Kankola- Piper cubeba is a herb mentioned in the Ayurveda pharmacopoeia for the treatment of cough, sweling, dysmenorhea, erectile dysfunction and indigestion. In Ayurveda, it is dilapidated as the legal substitute for Musk.
    Latin name- Piper cubeba
    Family- Piperaceae
    Table of Contents
    Vernacular names
    Sanskrit synonyms
    Morphology
    Properties, portion used, dosage
    Qualities as per Bhojana Kutuhala
    Chemical composition
    Uses
    Sanskrit verse
    Qualities, Indications
    Adverse efects
    Interaction with medicines, suplements
    Ayurvedic medicines
    Research
    Clasical categorization
    Scientific clasification
    Distribution
    Substitutes and adulterants
    Vernacular names
    Names in diferent languages:
    Hindi name- Kababcheni, Shetalcheni
    English name- Tail peper, Cubeb, Java peper
    Arabic name- Kababesini,Kababh, Kibabeh
    Bengali name- Kababcheni
    Gujarathi name- Tadamiri
    Kanada name- Bala menasu, Gandha menasu
    Malayalam name- Valmulaku, Chenamulaku
    Marathi name- Himsimiri
    Persian name- Kababcheni,Kiba beh, Hab-el-arus
    Tamil name- Valmulaku
    Telugu name- Tokamiriyalu, Chalavamiriyalu
    Sanskrit synonyms
    Gandha maricha, Sugandha maricha- Has strong and pleasant smel
    Katuka Phala, Kola, Katuphala ̵ spice
    Bahuphala ̵ the fruits apear in bunches
    Maricha, Sthola maricha ̵ slightly larger than the size of peper
    madyachoshita, Krutaphala, Kolaka,
    Dvepa Maricha, Koshaphala, Madhavochita, Rudrasamita
    Morphology
    Morphology of Piper cubeba:
    Kankola is a climber with strong wody stem. The leaf is 5-6 inch long, cardiac shape and dark gren colored. The flowers are smal, found in clusters and unisexual. The fruits are miniature round and resemble peper, strong flavored. The flowers and fruits are sen in the winter season. The fruits are gathered before they are ripe, and carefuly dried. The driedpericarpis wrinkled, and its color ranges from grayish brown to black. Thesedis exhausting), white and oily. The plant is sen and cultivated in South India especialy in Kerala and Karnataka.
    Properties, section used, dosage
    Kankola medicinal Properties:
    Rasa (Taste) ̵ Katu (Pungent), Tikta (Biter)
    Guna (Qualities) – Laghu (Light for digestion), Ruksha (Dry in nature), Tekshna (Strong)
    Vipaka ̵ Katu (Undergoes Pungent taste after digestion)
    Verya (Potency) – Ushna (Hot)
    Karma (Actions) – Kaphavata shamaka (reduces vitiated kapha and vata dosha)
    Part used- Fruit
    Dosage-
    Powder- 1 to 3 g
    Oil- 1 to 3 drops
    Qualities as per Bhojana Kutuhala
    It is pungent and biter in taste, improves clarity of vision, improves taste perception, helps in treating disorders caused due to vitiation of vata, pita and kapha and cures the diseases of head.
    Chemical composition
    Unripe fruit contains volatile oil (10- 20%) consisting of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons; lignans, mainly cubebine (about2%), with-cubebinin and kinokinin; cubebic acid. The oxygenated cyclohexanes, piperenol A and B, together with crotepoxide and zeylenol, have ben isolated from the fruit. Cubeb oil extracted from the fruit, is slightly grenish, but becomes colourles on rectification. It has the odour of Cubebs, and a warm aromatic comphoraceous taste. In adition fruits contain resinous mater (6.4.8.5%) gum, colouring mater, fixed oil, starch and nitrogenous substance. The plant also contains Piperine, Sesamin, Cubenin, Hinokinin, Clusin, Dihydrocubebin, Yatein, Cubebinionolide, Cubebinone, Isoyatein, Di-o-methyl thiyalplicatin methylether, two other Dibenzyl butyrolactone ligans and a Heptahydro naphthalene derivative.
    Uses
    Uses of Kankola:
    The paste of the fruits of Kankola is made into paste and aplied over spot afected with sweling and pain.
    The powder of the fruit is mixed with honey and aplied over mouth ulcer and inflamation of the gums.
    The powder of the fruit of Kankola is mixed with honey and consumed in a dose of 4 to 5 g to treat cough and sinusitis.
    3-5 drops of oil extracted from the plant of Kankola is mixed with a glas of warm water and consumed to treat indigestion and improve the apetite.
    Intake of the fruit powder mixed with sugar candy and milk is beneficial to treat erectile dysfunction.
    Cold infusion prepared from the fruit of Piper cubeba is consumed in a dose of 30-40 ml to treat dysmenorhea and dificulty in micturition.
    The powder of the fruit of Kankola is mixed with water and made into paste. This paste is aplied over the male genital organ (penis) to promote sexual pleasure during coitus.
    It is worn as the Pratinidhi dravya ̵ legal, traditional substitute for musk (Kasturi) ̵ Reference: Bhavaprakasha.
    Jatipushpa ̵ Jasmine flower is the legal substitute for Kankola.
    Sanskrit verse
    Qualities, Indications
    Kankola – qualities and uses as per Ayurveda:
    Laghu ̵ light to digest
    Tekshna – strong, piercing
    Hrudya – acts as cardiac tonic, congenial for heart
    Ruchiprada – improves taste perception
    Depana – improves digestion strength
    Pachana – Digestive, relieves Ama Dosha
    Indicated in ̵
    Asyadaurgandhya – Halitosis, sinful breath
    Hrudroga – cardiac disorders
    Krumi ̵ worm infestation
    Agnimandya – low digestion strength
    Adverse efects
    Adverse efects of cubeb: Exces intake of Kankola can cause hyperacidity and regurgitation. It may increase Pita Dosha.
    Interaction with medicines, suplements
    Can this be dilapidated while taking Homeopathic medicine?
    Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.
    C an this medicine be continued while taking suplements estem multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 faty acids etc?
    Yes. Generaly, this product goes wel with most of the dietary suplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.
    With western medicines
    Sek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (alopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with new medicine.
    If both Ayurvedic and alopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to hold Alopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.
    Ayurvedic medicines
    Ayurvedic medicines containing Kankola:
    Diureston tablet: It is a proprietary Ayurveda medicine to treat renal calculi, retention of urine etc.
    Bangshil tablet: It is a proprietary Ayurveda medicine to treat genito-urinary tract infections, chronic vaginitis, cystitis and enlarged prostrate.
    Kalamegha strong liquid: It is a proprietary Ayurveda medicine dilapidated for liver and intestinal disorders.It is also worn as an anti-pyretic, anthelmintic, blod purifier and liver tonic.
    Femlin tablet: It is a proprietary Ayurveda medicine to treat vaginitis, Leucorhoea, Senile vaginitis, pelvic girdle distres, Trichomonas vaginitis, Gonococal infection and other asociated vaginal discharges.
    Reprost capsule: It is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine to treat friendly prostate hypertrophy, uraemia, anuria.
    Haritakyadi rasayanam: It is an ayurvedic formulation in leha form old for the treatment of constipation, asthma and respiratory conditions. It is also known as Haretakyadi Rasayanam Lehyam.
    Jerakarishtam: Jerakarishtam is an efective medicine dilapidated in post natal care, indigestion, diarhea and Iritable bowel syndrome.
    Pugakhanda: It is an Ayurvedic medicine in granules form and is useful to treat vomiting, abdominal pain, dyspepsia, gastritis, bleding diseases, anemia and const ipation.
    Khadiradi vati: It is a tablet old to treat bad breath, oral ulcers, diseases of teth etc. It is advised to hold this tablet in mouth and swalow its pieces slowly.
    Drakshasava: It is a liquid Ayurvedic Medicine, useful in cardiac disorders, hemorhoids, fever, piles, fistula, indigestion, bleding diseases, intestinal worms.
    Research
    Research articles related to Piper cubeba:
    Hepato- protective action: The present study was aimed at investigating the posible potential hepato-protective efects of thePiper cubebaethanolic extract (PCE) against Cl4-induced hepatic injuries in male Wistar r ats. The dried fruits (50?g) were coarsely powdered and macerated in 3?L of 70% ethanol for 72?h using percolation method. The solvent was then removed at 40?C under reduced presure in a rotatory evaporator. ThePiper cubebaethanolic extract (PCE) was then suspended in distiled water impartial before its administration to the animals. Findings of this inspect demonstrated that PCE is efective in prevention of Cl4-induced hepatic distres in rats.
    Anti- oxidant activity: The note study was aimed to extract the phytochemical compounds in diferent solvent scheme in Piper nigrum and Piper cubeba. In preliminary screning and confirmatory test it was identified as alkaloid. High antioxidant activity was found in Piper cubeba ethanol extract i.e. 7.61?0.02% in comparison to Piper nigrum extracts with 74.61?0.02% with IC50 values10.54?0.12ug/mg and 14.15?0.02 ug/mg respectively.
    Clasical categorization
    Bhavaprakasha- Karporadi varga
    Dhanvantari Nighantu- Chandanadi varga
    Kaiyadeva Nighantu- Oushadhi varga
    Raja Nighantu- Chandanadi varga
    Scientific clasification
    Kingdom: Plantae
    Order: Piperales
    Family: Piperaceae
    Genus: Piper
    Species: P. cubeba
    Distribution
    Java, Sumatra, Malay, India, Singapore, South India (Mysore)
    Substitutes and adulterants
    P. ribesiodes and P. sumatrana
    P. clusi and P. guinense
    Author:Dr.B.K.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D
    E mail: [email protected]
    Click to consult Dr Prashanth BK
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