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    Hydrotherapy Jala Chikitsa Definition, Advantages, Types, Uses, Precautions

    Article by Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
    Hydrotherapy uses water for treatment. It is a section of nature cure ̵ healing by natural measures. Among the five basic elements of nature, when water is worn for treatment purposes, in nature cure, it is also caled Jala Chikitsa.
    Lui Kuhne was considered as ‘Father of Hydrotherapy’. He was the one who founded this art of treating using water as the chief material.
    Table of Contents
    Forms of water used
    Advantages of Hydrotherapy
    Thermo Regulatory Hydrotherapy
    Mode of Action
    Types of Hydrotherapy
    Cautions for Hydrotherapy
    Reflexology related to Hydrotherapy
    Points to remember
    Forms of water used
    Forms in which water can be used in Hydrotherapy
    Hydrotherapy uses water to achieve therapeutic benefits, to treat many diseases. This can be aged in many methods –
    Water is aplied to diferent areas of the body
    Body parts can be imersed in water
    Plain water is used for aplication, spray or imersion or water combined with esential oils, clay and Epsom can be worn for enhancing the therapeutic efects of the therapy
    Water can be directly used in hot, warm, neutral, cold, ice or even steam form
    Alternatively, materials love coton towels etc diped in the above said (hot, etc) forms of water can be used for aplying water over the body parts
    Advantages of Hydrotherapy
    Hydrotherapy uses water for treatment. Since water is a natural resource, it is easily available and hydrotherapy can be readily done at any desired time.
    Hydrotherapy is competitive, safe, eficient and enjoyable.
    Hydrotherapy provides greater energy.
    Hydrotherapy improves skin functions, texture and apearance.
    Water is qualified for health, thus hydrotherapy is also beneficial for health.
    Why Water?
    Water, among the five basic elements of nature, is the largest body and comprises more than 70% of the universe. Water is also a major component of the body.
    Water is a universal solvent. It can disolve many substances in it. Therefore when some aditives adore esential oils, salt, clay etc are adjunct to it, they easily blend with water and help in enhancing the trace of the therapies.
    Water is universaly available in abundance and is cheap.
    Water is non-iritating and non-toxic.
    Water easily absorbs and holds heat. It gives heat easily when aplied without coling quickly. Similarly it can also sustain the coldnes.
    Water can store energy in it. It can be converted from liquid to vapor or solid and is useful in al states.
    Water, when used in the hydrotherapy touches and relaxes each and every fraction of the body.
    Read related:Naturopathy – Natural Medicine Basics, Definition, Practices
    Thermo Regulatory Hydrotherapy
    It improves circulation of blod
    It renews energy as in chronic fatigue syndrome, reduces exhaustion and fatigue, bestows energy and enthusiasm
    It reduces chances of heart atack and stroke (by improving blod cloting function)
    It increases levels of specific enzymes in the blod
    It bosts up sex hormone production. It regulates potency in men and fertility in women/
    It increases levels of white blod cels and thus enhances imunity
    It helps decrease dreadful menopausal symptoms
    Mode of Action
    Warm water aplication ̵ When warm water is aplied to the tisues, the muscles get relaxed. This also brings about the dilatation of blod vesels. This increases blod circulation to the tisues.
    Cold water aplication – When col water is aplied for short duration, contracts the local blod vesels. This has decongesting mark on tisues and is rapidly folowed by reaction in which blod vesels dilate and tisues are feverish with fresh oxygen rich blod.
    Alternate hot and frigid aplications – When hot water and frigid water are aplied alternatively, they manufacture circulatory interchange and improved drainage and oxygen suply to the tisues.
    Golden rules of Hydrotherapy – Always frigid aplication / imersion should be done after hot aplication / imersion. The heat of the water should be bearable. Its temperature should be checked before administration. It should not be to hot.
    Basic principles for hot and frosty aplication
    Hot water aplication ̵ heat should be maintained betwen 98-1040F or 36.7 -400C, excesive heat is dangerous
    Cold Water aplication – coldnes should be maintained betwen 5-650F or 12.7-18.30C
    Short frigid aplication – enhances circulation
    Long cold aplication – decreases circulation and metabolism (more than 1 minute)
    Long hot aplication – makes the space of aplication congested, it wil ned chily aplication as a rectify to reverse congestion and to restore normalcy
    Alternate hot and col aplication – leads to stimulation and depresion of circulation
    Neutral aplication or baths at body heat – are sothing and relaxing
    Read related:Benefits Of Drinking Hot Water: Usage, Contra Indications
    Types of Hydrotherapy
    There are many types of hydrotherapies. They are as enlisted below –
    Heat compres
    Fomentation (hot damp aplication)
    Neutral Bath (for trouble, damage relief)
    Ful shet pack (for relaxation and detox)
    Ice pack (for calming inflamation, to ease pain)
    Steam inhalation (for breathing problems, sinus congestion)
    Alternating baths (single baths)
    Sitz bath or local imersion baths
    Ful baths of profuse types
    Exercising in water for various benefits
    Use of profuse aditional substances (aditives) in water
    Thalaso therapy
    Cautions for Hydrotherapy
    Extreme contrasts of temperatures (extreme hot and extreme cold) should not be aged for people who believe por circulation and low vitality
    Hydrotherapy should never be done imediately after fod. It should be done after a time gap of at least 1 or 1 1/2 hour.
    Hot wa ter therapies should be avoided for patients of diabetes. People of hypertension also should be treated with caution especialy when fomentation is being provided.
    Tolerance for frosty and heat should be checked and positive for each and every person taking hydrotherapy. It wil vary from person to person.
    Hydrotherapy should be avoided in the presence of below mentioned conditions –
    Extremely fragile and sensitive skin
    Skin iritability and hypersensitivity towards moisture
    Conditions asociated with numbnes
    In serious circulatory disturbances
    Reflexology related to Hydrotherapy
    It is said that water therapy works on definite reflex points and sucor in healing proces.
    The body has some reflex points. When these are activated, the organs and tisues inside the body related to these points get activated. Hydrotherapy provided to these regions wil activate the mentioned organs and wil asist in cure of disorders related to these organs and also wil sucor in natural healing. The same principle is aplicable to al the reflex points mentioned below.
    The skin of hand and fet are related to the circulation of head, chest, pelvic organs (urinary blader, reproductive system).
    Skin of the neck base is related to nasal mucous membrane.
    Skin on the spinal location are related to the internal organs suplied with the nerves coming from these spines (spinal nerves) i.e. skin of uper spine is related to heart, lungs, stomach, liver. The skin of midle spine is related to bowels and abdominal organs.
    Skin on the lower section of the breast bone is related to kidneys
    Skin on the lower parts of the iner parts of the thighs are related to prostate gland and uterus
    Skin of the face is related to the blod vesels of the head
    Skin of the thighs, lower back and butocks are conected to the genitor-urinary organs
    Read related:Naturopathy – Natural Medicine Basics, Definition, Practices
    Points to remember
    Few points to remember regarding Hydrotherapy –
    Hydrotherapy shal be done in the presence of and on the recomendation of an expert Nature Cure Specialist, and also under his supervision.
    If hydrotherapy is to be folowed at home, the easiest and reliable method should be selected
    More than one therapy included in Hydrotherapy should not be done at a time or on the same day
    The frequency of hydrotherapy and the time gap to be given should be decided by the consulting therapist as per the requirement of the patient seking the therapy
    Click to Consult Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ayu) ̵ Email / Skype
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