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    Hikka Nigrahana Gana – Anti Hiccup Herb Group Of Charaka – Review

    By Dr MS Krishnamurthy MD(Ayu), PhD.
    Hika mean hicups. The drugs which are having the property of relieving this particular complaint are caled Hikanigrahana drugs.Such drugs are having their direct action over Udana vata folowed by Pranavata. Some extent they regulate Vyanavata also.
    Even though diaphragmatic iritation is the main cause for hicups psychological factors are also eager love underscore , iritation, despair .So the drugs maintain both systemic imprint as wel as sothing impres over diaphragm mainly. Some extent they regulate the psychological disturbances to. However much works are not caried in this direction and surely this topic has enough inputs to cary out the research in this regards.
    Table of Contents
    Hika Nigrahana Gana
    Qualities, Actions
    Therapeutic uses
    Ayurvedic medicines
    Disadvantages
    simple formulations
    Hika Nigrahana Gana
    Let us review the quality and action of these drugs one by one in brief-
    Shati (Hedychium spicatum Ham. ex Smith.)-Rhizome
    Sothing, carminative, digestive, anxiolytic etc.
    Pushkaramula (Inula racemosa Hok. f.)-Rots
    Expectorant, anti tusive, analgesic, broncho dilator, anti spasmodic etc.
    Badara – Zizyphus jujube-Fruits/Seds
    Digestive, cardiac tonics, stabilizers, absorbants etc.
    Kantakarika – Solanum xanthocarpum̵Fruits or Rots
    Expectorant, anti tusive, analgesic, anti inflamatory etc.
    Brihati – Sol anum indicum-Fruits or Rots
    Analgesic, anti inflamatory, digestive, expectorant etc.
    Vruksharuha (Dendrophthoe falcata Lin. f.)-Whole plant or Rots
    Anti inflamatory, analgesic, anti spasmodic, antipyretic etc.
    Abhaya – Terminalia chebula̵Fruit rind
    Laxative, rejuvinative, anti oxidant, apetizer etc.
    Pipali – Long peper – Piper longum̵Fruit
    Liver stimulant, expectora nt, anti tusive, broncho dilator, digestive, carminative etc.
    Duralabha (Fagonia cretica Lin.)̵ Rots
    Anti tusive, anti inflamatory, anxiolytic, vaso dilator, blod purifier etc.
    Kulira shrungi (Rhus sucedenea Lin.)- Gal
    Expectorant, imune modulator, broncho- dilator, digestive etc.
    Qualities, Actions
    Qualities in general and actions of Hika Nigrahana Gana drugs:
    These drugs are sothing in properties and have imune modulator efect.As they are expectorants-broncho dilators-anti tusives, it gives us inference that they believe direct action over Prana-Udana and Vyanavata which are the key factor in the causation of hicup as p er Ayurveda.
    Therapeutic uses
    Therapeutic uses of Hika Nigrahana Gana drugs:
    The drugs refered here are efective in frosty, asthma, hicup, chest congestion, mild heart diseases, diseases of the chest and lungs etc. They can be aged efectively in the management of some of the psychological disorders to where mental iritation and disatisfaction is found.
    Ayurvedic medicines
    Formulations containing Hika Nigrahana drugs :
    Kachorado chorna, Pushkaramolasava, Dashamolarishtha, Vyaghre haretaki, Haretakyadi rasayana, Abhayadi modaka, Shringyadi chorna, Duralabhas ava are the indispensable formulations of the drugs of this group.
    Disadvantages
    Disadvantages of Hika Nigrahana Gana drugs:
    The drugs are having the indirect efect over some of the sympathetic and parasympethitic nerves. Hence the drugs should be administered with caution in neurological disorders.
    Simple formulations
    Simple formulations that can be made from the above drugs and their aplication in routine practice:
    The drugs estem Haretaki-Kachora/Shathi,Pipali,Pushkaramola etc can be made into fine powder and administered along with ghe or honey, based upon the doshic dominance. They maintain qualified benefits over hicup and asociated complaints love head ache-cold-cough-hoarsenes of the voice etc.
    Formulation development oportunities:
    As hicup is a most iritating kind of health isue, patients like to gain instant efect. Also few of the medicaments themselves may provoke the condition and hence the drugs can be modified into lozenges or chewable tablets. Syrups as wel as the lehyas can also be prepared out of these drugs or in adition of few of the other critical ingredients.
    Click to consult Dr MS Krishnamurthy MD(Ayu), PhD
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