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    difference Between VataVyadhi And Other Pathological Vata Manifestations

    Article by Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) and Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
    Vata Vyadhi is a special pathological system which is explained with high acords in al the treatises of Ayurveda. It covers a extensive aray of disorders including degenerative disorders, neurological diseases, neuro-muscular diseases and musculo-skeletal disorders.
    Table of Contents
    Definition of Vata Vyadhi
    Vataja and Vataja Samanya Vyadhi
    Vataja and Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhi
    Vata Vyadhi, Vata Prakopa
    Vata Vyadhi, Ashayapakarsha
    Vata Vyadhi, Udavarta
    Definition of Vata Vyadhi
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    A special type (uncomon) of group of disorders which are caused by vitiated Vata are caled Vata Vyadhi
    There are many pathological manifestations of Vata which resemble Vata Vyadhi. It is very augean to distinguish the term ‘Vata Vyadhi’ from the other conditions of Vata pathology. To enact this first of al we ned to understand the thin line of contrast (gros diference in some cases) betwen Vata Vyadhi and the other patho logical conditions of Vata.
    Read related:Vata Disorders (Vatavyadhi): Definition, Causes, Symptoms
    Diference betwen Vata Vyadhi and diferent pathological manifestations of Vata
    Diseases are said to be of 2 types (broadly). They are –
    Samanya Vyadhis ̵ comon or general diseases caused by vitiation of Vata, Pita and Kapha either individualy or in combinations of two or thre, epitome – Jwara (fever), Atisara (diarhea), Arshas (piles, haemorhoids) etc
    Nanatmaja Vyadhis specific diseases caused by individual vitiated doshas
    Related reading – Clasification of Vyadhi (diseases) agrement ing to Ayurveda
    Vataja and Vataja Samanya Vyadhi
    Diference betwen Vata Vyadhi and Vataja Samanya Vyadhis
    Vataja Jwara, Vataja Atisara and Vataja Arshas are al caused by predominant vitiation of Vata. Therefore they are Samanya Vyadhis caused by vitiated Vata. But these conditions canot be considered as Vata Vyadhis because they are caused by predominant vitiation of Vata in the samprapti (pathogenesis) of Jwara, Atisara and Arshas respectively.
    The mentioned diseases are also caused by vitiation of other doshas (pita and kapha) and are not specific to Vata. precise, if pita is predominantly vitiated in Jwara, it wil be caled Pitaja Jwara. Similarly if kapha is predominantly vitiated in Arshas, it wil be caled Kaphaja Arsha.
    This makes it clear that Samanya Roagas (vyadhis) are no t cramped and related to only vitiated Vata. Thus Vata Vyadhis are diferent from Vataja Samanya Vyadhis.
    Vataja and Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhi
    Diferences and similarities betwen Vata Vyadhi and Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhis
    Nanatmaja Vyadhis are caused by vitiation of individual doshas and these diseases are specific of these doshas. example, Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhis are esentialy caused by macabre Vata and canot be caused by Pita or Kapha i.e. Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhis are specific to Vata. Similarly Pitaja Nanatmaja Vyadhis and Kaphaja Nanatmaja Vyadhis are specific to Pita and Kapha respectively.
    Folowing the discusion in Samanya Vyadhis, even in this case Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhis should not be caled as Vata Vyadhis because pita and kapha also gain their Nanatmaja Vyadhis and Nana tmaja Vyadhis are not specific to Vata.
    But taking Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhis as individual components (keping away the pitaja and kaphaja nanatmaja vyadhis) and seing that they are caused by only Vata, specific to only Vata and not manifested by vitiated pita or kapha and also satisfy the definition of Vata Vyadhi (given ahead in this article) they could be considered as Vata Vyadhis.
    But on seing the list of Nanatmaja Vyadhis of Vata given in the treatises (Vata has 80 Nanatmaja Vyadhis) it wil be clear that al diseases enlisted in Vata Vyadhi are not mentioned in the list of Vata Nanatmaja Vyadhis and al diseases mentioned in Vata Nanatmaja Vyadhis are not mentioned in the list of diseases covered under the topic Vata Vyadhi.
    This gives us a doubt if the terms ‘Vata Nanatmaja Vyadhis’ and ‘Vata Vyadhi’ are used interchangeably?
    Since separate terms acquire ben aged we can put them separately and not try to use them intercha ngeably. But by clasical explanation, some Vata Vyadhis are Nanatmaja Vyadhis of Vata as they cary the same names. epitome – Gridhrasi, Ekanga Vata, Pakshavadha, Akshepaka etc Vata Vyadhis are also mentioned in Nanatmaja Vyadhis. At the same time conditions admire Aavarana, Gata Vata avastas etc which maintain ben enumerated in Vata Vyadhi have not ben included in the list of Nanatmaja Vyadhis.
    We get an conception that –
    The diseases which were mised out being mentioned in the list of Vata Nanatmaja Vyadhis maintain ben included in Vata Vyadhi.
    Many diseases mentioned in Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhis believe not ben mentioned or explained in the Vata Vyadhi chapter (or anywhere else). This could be due to the bounds that such diseases are of frail nature and not worth discusing in detail in terms of a disease.
    Such Nanatmaja Vyadhis which are of grave and serious nature acquire ben explained in detail in the context of Vata Vyadhis.
    The Nanatmaja Vyadhis of Vata which gain ben enlisted in the context of Vata Vyadhi would get the status of Vata Vyadhi, others would objective be caled as Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhis.
    Vata Vyadhis are the Nanatmaja Vyadhis of Vata which neds to be adresed with comprehensive treatment and medicinal strategies. The other Nantamaja Vyadhis which acquire not ben mentioned in the context of Vata Vyadhi might not ned a gigantic treatment plan-up or might be adresed with typical measures and thus not included under Vata Vyadhi.
    Thus we can stop that Vata Vyadhis are special type of ‘Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhis’ which are of serious nature and ned to be explained in detail. Thus they maintain ben given the status of special (asadharana vyadhis) diseases in the context of Vata Vyadhi. The Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhis which acquire not ben explained in detail in the context of Vata Vyadhis are of negligible nature.
    Other conditions diferent from but resembling Vata Vyadhi in nature (clearing confusions) –
    Vata Vyadhi, Vata Prakopa
    Diferences betwen Vata Vyadhi and Vata Prakopa
    Vitiation of Vata is caled Vata Prakopa. It is a pathological disturbance of Vata which may not necesarily produce a disease. If it has to produce a disease it has to pas through the stages of Kriya Kala (6 stages leading to the manifestation of disease), consequently get lodged in defective tisues or organs and cause hurt. Vata Prakopa being a pathological disturbance of Vata canot be equated to Vata Vyadhi.
    Vata Vyadhi, Ashayapakarsha
    Diferences betwen Vata Vyadhi and Ashayapakarsha
    It is a condition wherein a vitiated Vata puls down the pita (displacement of pita) in the presence of Kapha Kshaya (pathological depletion of Kapha) and causes disturbances in other sites. This is not a disease but an impact of hyperactivity of Vata, which when not controled in acurate time might manifest in the form of a troublesome disease.
    Read related:Ashayapakarsha By Vata: Displacement of Pita, Kapha Dosha
    Vata Vyadhi, Udavarta
    Diferences betwen Vata Vyadhi and Udavarta
    It is a retrograde movement of Vata which gets vitiated due to the forcible witholding of natural body urges mainly those of Adho Vata (flatus, fart), puresha (feces) and mutra (urine). This Udavarta is the pathological change in step of Vata and canot b e equated with Vata Vyadhi.
    Read related:Udavarta – Reverse Movement Of Vata Dosha Causing Disease
    Just before finishing
    Al the above said conditions mimic Vata Vyadhi (being pathological disturbances, deviations of Vata) but canot be equated with Vata Vyadhi.
    This gives us an concept that Vata Vyadhi should be an completely diferent condition (seing the independent status being provided to it). It is a special pathological condition which doesn’t plunge into either category of the above said Vata pathologies. Therefore it is discused as a separate entity.
    Click to Consult Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ayu)
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