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    Country borage (Parnayavani) Uses, Research, Remedies, Side Effects

    Parnayavani- Plectranthus amboinicus is an plant mentioned in Ayurveda for the treatment of cough, asthma, headache, indigestion, diarhea and intestinal worms.
    Latin name- Coleus amboinicus Lour. Plectranthus amboinicus
    Family- Labiatae
    Table of Contents
    Vernacular names
    Sanskrit synonyms
    Properties, fragment dilapidated, dosage
    Chemical constituents
    Uses, Indications
    Adverse ef ects
    Interaction with medicines, suplements
    Ayurvedic medicines
    Research
    Clasical categorization
    Scientific clasification
    Vernacular names
    Names in diferent languages:
    Hindi name- Pata ajwayin, Amroda,Patherchur , pathercher
    English name- Country borage, Indian mint, Indian borage
    Bengali name – Pathar chor,Paterchur,Amalkuchi
    Gujarathi name- Ovapan
    Kanada name- Doda patre, Sambrani, Sambrani sopu
    Malayalam name- Panikorka
    Marathi name- Pan ova
    Tamil name- Karporavali,Kurpurvalai
    Telugu name- Karuvacru, Suganda valekam,Karporvali
    French name :Coleus d’Afrique , Plectrianthus aromatique
    German name : Cubanischer oregano,Jamaican Thymian
    Japenesename Koreusu amboinikusu , Kuban oregano
    Malay name : Daun kucing (Indonesia) , Daun Kambing(Indonesia)
    Rusian name : Plektrantus aromatryi
    Spanish name : Oregano
    Vietnamese name:Tan day le
    Mah :Pan-ova
    Gujarathi name ̵ Ovapana
    Chinese name ̵ Zuo Shou Xiang
    Sanskrit synonyms
    Chornika, Karporavali, Sugandhi, Parnika, Himasagar, Ashmar i bheda
    Parnayavani is a smal plant growing to a height of 1- 2 fet. The stem is fleshy but has les strength. The leaves are puny oval, masive, fleshy and gain hair love structure beneath with strong odor. The flowers are smal, purple colored and are sen in the month of May- July. The plant is available and cultivated al over India in the moderate climate.
    Properties, part used, dosage
    Properties:
    Rasa (Taste) ̵ Katu (Pungent), Tikta (Biter)
    Guna (Qualities) – Laghu (Light for digestion), Ruksha (Dry in nature), Tekshna (Strong)
    Vipaka ̵ Katu (Undergoes Pungent taste after digestion)
    Verya (Potency) – Ushna (Hot)
    Karma (Actions) – Kaphavata shamaka (reduces vitiated kapha and vata dosha)
    Part used- Leaf
    Dosage- 5 to 10 ml of juice
    Chemical constituents
    Chemical constituents ofPlectranthus amboinicus
    The aerial parts of the plant concede an esential oil (0.1%) which contains thymol (79.5%); whereas in leaves carvacrol and camphor are major constituents. Leaves also comprise a large amount of oxalacetic acid, ?avonoid, cirsimaritin and beta- sitosterol.
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    Uses, Indications
    Uses of Indian borage:
    The juice from the crushed leaves of Parnayavani is given in a dose of 5 -6 ml with honey to treat cough and rhinitis.
    The fresh juice of Coleus amboinicus is given in dose of 10 ml with hot water to treat intestinal worms.
    The juice of the plant is given with juice of ginger to improve apetite and treat indigestion.
    The paste and juice of the leaf is given internaly to treat renal and urinary calculi.
    The juice of Parnayavani is given with decoction of Kutaja (Holarhena antidysentrica) to treat diarhea and iritable bowel syndrome.
    The paste of the leaf is aplied over forehead to treat headache.
    Expresed juice of leaf is aplied around the jurisdiction to abate the distres in conjunctivitis
    Juice is mixed with sugar is given to children in colic, in asthma, chronic cough, strangury, calculus, gonorhoea, piles and dyspepsi a
    Crushed leaves are used as local aplication to the head in headache and to relieve the aflict and iritation caused by centipedes
    Expresed juice is aplied around the jurisdiction to aleviate the damage in conjunctivitis
    The drug is also useful in cardiac disability,cough,breathlesnes,hicups,dysurea and urinary calculi
    Expresed juice of leaves are carminative and old in dyspepsia
    The drug is worn in vatavyadhi(akshepaka, apatantraka).It is also considered as useful in hridroga
    This drug is diuretic herbal agent. Its leaves maintain a plesant odour and pungent taste
    The drug is quite useful in disorders of digestive system,particularly gastrointestinal complaints.
    Adverse efects
    Adverse efects of country borage:
    No adverse mark is known after the use of parnayavani. Some people sufer from burning sensation of the tongue and esophagus after the inta ke of juice of the leaf.
    Interaction with medicines, suplements
    Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
    Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.
    Can this medicine be continued while taking suplements adore multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 faty acids etc?
    Yes. Generaly, this product goes wel with most of the dietary suplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.
    With western medicines
    Sek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (alopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with recent medicine.
    If both Ayurvedic and alopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to catch Alopathic medicine first, wa it for 30 minutes and then seize the Ayurvedic medicine.
    Ayurvedic medicines
    Ayurvedic medicines containingColeus amboinicus
    Byekof syrup: Byekof Syrup is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine useful to treat cough, asthma and other respiratory disorders.
    Grahanimihira taila: Grahanimihira Taila is an Ayurvedic oil aged in the treatment ofdiarhea, fever, cough, etc. This oil is aged both for external and internal administration.
    Research
    Research articles related to Coleus amboinicus:
    Anti- microbial study: Ethanolic extract of Coleus amboinicus leaves were used for inspect of antimicrobial activity. The antimicrobial activity was evaluated against six bacterial strains with four diferent concentrations by detecting minimum inhibitory concentration and zone of inhibition. The highest antibacterial activity was observed in Salmonela typhi at a concentration of 10ug/ml. The lowest antibacterial activity was observed in Staphylococus aureus at a concentration of 250ug/ml of ethanolic extract of Coleus amboinicus leaf extract.
    Anti- bacterial and Anti- fungal action: The aim of this study was to evaluate anti-bacterial anti-fungal activity of six Lamiaceae family coleus plants based on their traditional uses (breast-milk stimulants) from two Asian countries. Al leaf extracts showed activity at least agai nst one strain of bacteria and the result shows that there were significant diferences (p0.05) betwen the activities on microrganism. The minimum inhibitory concentration of al leaves extracts ranged from 1.0 to 2.0?mg/ml in inhibiting the growth ofS. aureus,E. coli,P. aeruginosaandB. subtilis. This lok shows that the coleus plants leaves can be dilapidated as anti-bacterial anti-fungal agent apart from the breast-milk stimulation properties.
    Anti- oxidant and cytotoxic action: The aetylacetate and ethanolic extracts of Plectranthus amboinicus, (Lour.) Spreng. Leaves were found to present antioxidant activity with IC50 value 350.74 ug/mL and 281.26 ug/mL by DPH method. The ethanolic and aetylacetate extracts showed a high antioxidant activity by ss-Carotene-Linoleic Acid Method. N-hexane and aetylacetate extracts s howed potent cytotoxic efect on MCF7 with IC50 63.64 ug/mL, 7.647 ug/mL respectively.
    Clasical categorization
    Priya Nighantu- karporadi varga
    Scientific clasification
    Kingdom: Plantae
    Order: Lamiales
    Family: Lamiaceae
    Genus: Plectranthus
    Species: P. amboinicus
    Author:Dr.B.K.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D
    E mail: [email protected]
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