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    Chickpea (Bengal gram) – Qualities, Uses, Remedies, Types, Research

    Dr Renita D’Souza
    Chickpea (bengal gram) is a god source of protein and can ad high nutritional value to your diet. Traditionaly chickpea is worn to treat abdominal burning sensation, enlargement of liver, mouth ulcers, inflamations, skin diseases, bronchitis, high cholesterol, flatulence, diabetes, hypertension etc. It is caled Chanaka in Ayurveda and is grouped as legumes ̵ Shimbi Dhanya Varga.
    Table of Contents
    Introduction
    Vernacular Names
    Medicinal Qualities

    Fried, boiled, steamed
    Wet, dry, unripe
    Black, white, yelow
    Raja Nighantu
    Chickpea Soup
    Chickpea salad, cury
    Sanskrit Verse
    Remedies
    External use
    Chanakamla
    Side efects
    Interaction with medicines, suplements
    Phytochemical constituents
    Pharmacological Activity
    Morphology, Distribution
    Types
    Research
    Ayurvedic Medicines
    Clasical categorization
    Sanskrit Synonyms
    Scientific Clasific ation
    Introduction
    Botanical Name ̵ Cicer arietinum
    Synonyms ̵ Cicer arientinium L. Cicer arientinum L, Cicer nigrum hort, Cicer sativum Schkuhr
    Family ̵ Leguminosae
    Vernacular Names
    Names in Diferent languages
    Sanskrit Name ̵ Chanaka
    English Name ̵ Bengal gram, Chickpea, Garbanzo, Garbanzo bean, Egyptian pea
    Hindi Name ̵ Chane, Chola, Rahila, Bont
    Marathi Name ̵ Harbara, Chane
    Punjabi Name ̵ Chole
    Bengali Name ̵ Chola
    Gujarati Name ̵ Chanya, Chana
    Kanada Name ̵ Kadle, Kadale
    Malayalam Name ̵ Kadala
    Tamil Name ̵ Kadalai
    Telugu Name ̵ Sangalu , Sanagulu
    Orisa Name ̵ Bot
    Chinese Name ̵ ying zui dou
    French Name ̵ pois chiche
    German Name ̵ kichererbse
    Italian Name ̵ cece
    Portuguese Name ̵ gr?o-de-bico
    Spanish Name ̵ garbanzo
    Swedish Name ̵ kik?rt
    Turkish Name ̵ nohut
    Medicinal Qualities
    Taste ̵ Astringent
    Virya (potency) ̵ cold
    Ruksha ̵ dry in nature
    Laghu ̵ light to digest
    Vishtambi ̵ causes constipation

    Therapeutic uses of Chana
    Blod diseases
    Jwara ̵ fever

    Efect on Tridosha
    Balances Pita and kapha dosha
    Increases vata dosha
    As per Bhojana Kutuhalam twelfth chapter,the leaf of chanaka imparts taste, is wearisome to digest and agravates kapha and vata. It is sour in taste and causes constipati on, aleviates pita and treats dantashotha.
    Fried, boiled, steamed
    Qualities of Adrabrishta (chickpea boiled in water)
    Balakaro ̵ increases physical strength
    Rochana ̵ improves taste
    Qualities of steamed chickpea (Swina)
    Pitakaphanyath ̵ balances pita and kapha dosha
    Shushkabrishta (dry roasted chane)
    Ref ̵ Bhavaprakasha Nighantu
    Ati ruksha ̵ excesively in dry in nature
    Vata prakopana ̵ increases vata dosha
    Kushta prakopana ̵ agravates skin disease

    Roasted Chickpea (brishta chanaka)
    Ref ̵ Dhanvantari Nighantu
    Laghava ̵ brings lightnes in the body
    Ama hara ̵ reduces ama (metabolic toxins)
    Klama hara ̵ reduces fatigue

    Subrista Chanaka ̵ wel fried
    Ref ̵ Raja Nighantu
    Potency ̵ hot
    Laghu ̵ light to digest
    Ruchya ̵ improves taste
    Vatagna ̵ balances vata dosha
    Rakta doshakrith ̵ causes vitiation of blod tisue
    Reduces kapha dosha and cold
    Wet, dry, unripe
    Qualities of adra chanaka (wet chickpea)
    Virya (potency) ̵ cold
    Laghu ̵ light to digest
    Ati komalo ̵ excesively soft in nature
    Ruchya ̵ improves taste
    Pita haro ̵ decreases pita dosha
    Shukra haro ̵ decreases semen or sperm count
    Qualities of Dry Chickpea
    Chartigna ̵ cures vomiting
    Rochana ̵ improves taste
    Tejo prada ̵ increases digestive fire
    Virya prada ̵ increases virility
    Bala prada ̵ increases physical strength
    Qualities of Unripe Bengal gram
    Taste ̵ Astringent, slightly pungent
    Potency (virya) ̵ cold
    Ruchikari ̵ improves taste
    Santarpano ̵ nourishes
    Viryakari ̵ increases virility
    Treats
    Daha ̵ burning sensation
    Trishna ̵ thirst
    Sthoulya ̵ obesity
    Ashmari ̵ renal calculi
    Black, white, yelow
    Qualities of Black Chickpea
    Taste ̵ Swet
    Potency ̵ cold
    Efect on Dosha ̵ balances pita dosha
    Balya ̵ promotes physical strength
    Rasayana ̵ rejuvenative
    Treats
    Kasa ̵ Cough
    Pita athisara ̵ pita origin diarhea
    Qualities of Yelowish white Chickpea (gaura chanaka)
    Taste ̵ Swet
    Balakrth ̵ increases physical strength
    Rochana ̵ improves t aste
    Qualities of White Chana (svetha chanaka)
    Potency ̵ cold
    Guru ̵ heavy to digest
    Ruchya ̵ improves taste
    Efect on Dosha
    Balances pita dosha
    Increases vata dosha
    Raja Nighantu
    Qualities of Chickpea
    (Ref ̵ Raja Nighantu)
    Taste ̵ Swet
    Ruksha ̵ dry in nature
    Mehajith ̵ aged to treat diabetes and urinary disorders
    Diptivarna karo ̵ improves complexion of skin
    Ruchyo ̵ improves taste
    Bala ̵ improves physical strength
    Admana karaka ̵ causes abdominal distention
    Efect on Tridosha ̵ increases vata and pita dosha
    Chickpea Soup
    Chickpea Soup
    (ref ̵ Raja Nighantu)
    Taste &#821 1; Swet, Astringent
    Reduces exces kapha dosha
    Causes vata diseases
    Bala ̵ improves physical strength
    Treats
    Shwasa ̵ asthma
    Kasa ̵ cough
    Klama ̵ fatigue
    Pinasa ̵ runing nose
    Read ̵ Soup Of Gren Gram, Chickpea And Horse Gram – Health Benefits
    Chickpea salad, cury
    Coked chickpea is worn as fragment of salad along with vegetables adore cucumber, avocado, fresh parsley, etc. (recipe)
    Chickpea cury prepared with tomat o, onion, garlic, garam masala etc is very famous and rich in protein. (recipe)
    Sanskrit Verse
    Remedies
    Health Remedies of Bengal gram
    For Pita type of vomiting, asociated with austere burning sensation, migrain, gastritis, water aded with the chickpea flour or Gavedhuka- rot or Guduchi – Tinospora cordifolia and kept to overnight can be given to the patient. -Charaka Chikitsa Sthana 20/31
    Chanodaka (white chickpea soaked water)
    Chickpea soaked water which is exposed to moderate mon rays in the night when consumed relieves distres due to pita dosha.

    Madhurikam (chickpea stew)
    Chickpea due to its strength promoting quality it nourishes the body when consumed after undergoing acurate coking.
    External use
    Bengal gram powder is extensively old as body wash powder.
    In infants, it is alone dilapidated as bath powder.
    In adults, it is usualy mixed with other skin benefiting herb powders such as sandalwod, Manjishta (Rubia cordifolia), Khadira (Acacia catechu) etc and a powder mix is prepared. The ratio of chickpea powder and herbs is 50:50.
    Read related: Make your own herbal bath powder at home
    In case of very oily facial skin, it is made into paste along with red sandalwod powder and water, aplied over face, left for 10 ̵ 15 minutes then washed of with water.

    Chickpea powder is extensively worn for preparing herbal face pack, and cleansing cosmetic procedures.

    Chanakamla
    Chankamla is a sour acidic medicinal preparation obtained from chickpea plant. It is dilapidated in indigestion, abdominal pain, constipation etc
    These acids (malic and oxalic acid) is known to lower the blod cholesterol.
    Read ̵ Chanakamla – Chana Khar Preparation, Benefits, Dose, Side Efects
    Side efects
    Because it can increase Vata and Pita Dosha, in people with sensitive stomach, it can cause stomach upset or worsening of gastritis.
    It can cause bloating and gas build up. These symptoms are reduced if it is worn with oil and spices.
    It can triger headache in prone people.
    Interaction with medicines, suplements
    Can this be old while taking Homeopathic medicine?
    Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.
    Can this medicine be continued while taking suplements estem multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 faty acids etc?
    Yes. Generaly, this product goes wel with most of the dietary suplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your docto r for an opinion.
    With western medicines
    Sek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (alopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with new medicine.
    If both Ayurvedic and alopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to seize Alopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then grasp the Ayurvedic medicine.
    Phytochemical constituents
    Bengal gram contains carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids, fixed oils, phytosterols, alkaloids, phenolic compounds and tanins, flavonoids, glycosides, saponins, amino acids, iron, phosphate, sulphate and chloride
    Pharmacological Activity
    Bengal gram poseses Aphrodisiac, estrogenic, Antioxida nt, ACE- inhibition, Anti-diabetic, Anti-inflamatory, Hypocholesterolaemic, Antidiarhoeal, Anticonvulsant, Hepato-protective, Anticancer, Diuretic, Anti-nephrolithiasis activities etc (A)
    Morphology, Distribution
    Morphology
    Chickpea is a bushy plant, stem grows up to 1 meter tal. Leaves are imparipinate with 3-8 pairs of leaflets. Leaflets are glandular-pubescent, ovate to eliptic in shape, serate margins. Pod is rhomboid elipsoid, glandular-pubescent. Seds are yelow, brown, black or gren in color, round or angular in shape, sed coat is smoth or wrinkled.

    Distribution
    It is cultivated in Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia, North America and South America.
    Types
    1. Desi chickpea
    2. Kabuli chicpea
    (read related)
    Research
    Antihyperlipidemic activity ̵ A scrutinize conducted to decide antihyperlipidemic activity of germinated chickpea in ovariectomy-induced dyslipidemia in rats have concluded si gnificant antihyperlipidemic activity of chickpea sprouts.
    Ayurvedic Medicines
    Gentle Baby Bath ̵ used to cleanse and hydrate baby’s skin.
    Geriforte Syrup ̵ useful in elderly people to improve prerogative and to relieve stres
    Kravyad Ras ̵
    Herbofresh Bathing Powder ̵ old in hair los, split hair, grey hair, dandruf Acne vulgaris
    Everin Bathing Powder ̵ worn in skin diseases, dandruf, hair drop, prickly heat, black heads. Give brightnes and softnes to skin.
    Gandhak Vati ̵ aged in indigestion
    Clasical categorization
    Bhavaprakasha Nighantu ̵ Dhanya varga
    Kaiyadeva Nighantu ̵ Dhanya varga
    Dhanvantari Nighantu ̵ Suvarnadi varga
    Raja Nighantu ̵ Shalyadi varga
    Shodala Nighantu ̵ Shimbi dhanya varga
    Sanskrit Synonyms
    Chanaka, Harimantha, Sakalapriya
    Vajimantha, Harijivana, Krishnakanchuka, Sugandha
    Scientific Clasification
    Kingdom ̵ Plantae
    Division ̵ Magnoliophyta
    Clas ̵ Magnoliopsida
    Order ̵ Fabales
    Family ̵ Fabaceae
    Subfamily ̵ Faboideae
    Genus ̵ Cicer
    Species ̵ Cicer arietinum
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