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    Charaka Srotasam Vimana: 5th Chapter – Body Channels

    The 5th chapter of Charaka Samhitha Vimana Sthana is Srotasam Vimana or Sroto Vimana It explains in detail about diferent body chanels of the body, caled Srotas.
    We shal now explore the chapter on “Srotasam Vimana Adhyaya.̵ Thus said Lord Atreya [1-2]
    Table of Contents
    Srotas, varieties
    Srotas and Purusha
    Pranavaha Srotas vitiation features
    Udakavaha Srotas vitiation features
    An navaha Srotas vitiation features
    Dhatuvaha Srotas vitiation features
    Mutravaha Srotas vitiation features
    Pureshavaha Srotas vitiation features
    Swedavaha Srotas vitiation features
    Efect of Srotas vitiation
    Pranavaha Srotodushti karana
    Udakavaha Srotodushti karana
    Anavaha Srotodushti karana
    Rasavaha Srotodushti karana
    Raktavaha Srotodushti karana
    Mamsavaha Srotodushti karana
    Medovaha Srotodushti karana
    Asthivaha Srotodushti karana
    Majavaha Srotodushti karana
    Shukravaha Srotodushti karana
    Mutravaha Srotodushti karana
    Varchovaha Srotodushti karana
    Swedovaha Srotodushti karana
    Line of treatment
    Sumary
    Srotas, varieties
    Srotas: Chanels of circulation and their varieties:
    The specific varieties of chanels of circulation in the human body are the same in number as the organs. Al the organs in the body maintain their own chanels. The flow of al mobile things betwen these structures hapen through Srotas ̵ chanels. The Kshaya or depletion or disease of organs is reflected in srotas as wel. The chanels of circulation cary the Dhatus (tisue elements or their constituents) undergoing transformation to their destination. [3]
    Srotas and Purusha
    Another view:
    How Srotas is diferent from Purusha:
    Because srotas is show alover the body, bec ause al the movements inside the body hapen in Srotas only, and because increase or moderate of Dosha hapen in Srotas only, some authors recount that Srotas itself is the whole body ̵ Purusha. But it is not true.
    The elements which compose them, the elements they cary, the elements to which they provide nourishment and their abodes (muscles etc) they are diferent from these chanels. Some scholars catch them to be inumerable. [4-5]
    Important varieties of chanels of circulation:
    Of al these Srotas, important ones wil be described here with reference to their controling organs, symptoms manifested by their controling organs and the symptoms manifested by their vitiation.
    This description wil be suficient for an ignorant man to understand the characteristic features of these chanels, while for a wise man this description wil provide enough material to understand the characteristic features of other chanels which are not described here.
    Sites of organs and signs of vitiation of various chanels of circulation:
    These chanels are those carying:
    Prana (Vital breath)
    Udaka (water)
    Ana (fod)
    Rasa (taste)(Plasma)
    Rudhira (blod specificaly the hemoglobin fragment of it)
    Mamsa (muscle tisue)
    Medas (fat or adipose tisue)
    Asthi (bone or oseous tisue)
    Maja (marow)
    Shukra (semen specificaly the sperm)
    Mutra (urine)
    Purisha (feces) and
    Sveda (sweat)
    Vata, Pita and Kapha move al their neds for movement; similarly factors which are beyond sensory perception (trans- sensory) love mind etc crawl and are located only in the circulation perform their normal functions, the body is fre from diseases [6]
    Read related: Srotas: Body Chanels and Duct systems – Easy Explanation
    Pranavaha Srotas vitiation features
    Pranavaha Srotas ̵ indispensable energy chanels:
    ̵ Rot (sites of origin) are Heart and the Mahasrotas (alimentary tract). It caries Prana ̵ critical energy.
    The characteristic features of the vitiation of Pranavaha chanel are
    Atisrushta shwasa ̵ to long breaths
    Atibadha shwasa ̵ to restricted breathing
    Kupita ̵ agravated breathing
    Alpa Alpa ̵ partial or
    Abhikshna ̵ frequent breaths
    Sashabda, Sashula asociated with sound and pain.
    Udakavaha Srotas vitiation features
    Udakavaha Srotas: chanels of watery elements:
    Talu (palate) and Kloma (pancreas) are the sites of origin / controling organs of Udakavaha Srotas. Vitiation of these ch anels lead to
    Jihva, Talu, Osha, Kanta, Kloma Shosha ̵ drynes of tongue, palate, lips, throat and Kloma and Pipasa ̵ abundant thirst.
    Anavaha Srotas vitiation features
    Anavaha srotas ̵ chanels that cary fod elements:
    Sites of origin: Amashaya ̵ Stomach and Vamaparshva (left side). are the sites of origin of the chanels carying fod and its products.
    Vitiation characteristic features:
    Anana abhilasha ̵ disinterest in fod,
    Arochaka ̵ anorexia,
    Vipaka ̵ impaired digestion
    Chardi ̵ vomiting.
    Read more about anavaha srotas
    Dhatuvaha Srotas vitiation features
    Dhatuvaha Srotas:- carying tisue elements:
    Site of origin of Rasavaha Srotas is Hrudaya (heart) and Dasha Dhamani (10 imense arteries)
    Raktavahasrotas mola ̵ Yakrut ̵ Liver and Pleha ̵ splen

    Mamsavaha srotas (muscle tisue) ̵ Snayu ̵ Ligaments and Twak ̵ skin
    Medovaha srotas Mola ̵ (fat or adipose tisue) ̵ Vruka ̵ Kidneys and Vapavahana ̵ omentum
    Asthivaha Srotomola ̵ (bone)- Meda (fat/Adipose tisue), Jaghana ̵ butock

    Majavaha srotomola ̵ (marow) Asthi ̵ bones and Sandhayaha ̵ joints

    Shukravaha srotomola ̵ (semen specialy the sperms) ̵ Vrushana ̵ Testicles and Shepha ̵ pudendum
    Vitiation of Dhatuvaha srotas are already described in Charaka sutrasthana 28th chapter 9-19. Symptoms manifested by the vitiation of these Dhatus and their specific chanels are the same.
    Mutravaha Srotas vitiation features
    Mutravaha Srotas: Urinary system:
    Mola ̵ rot of origin ̵ Basti (blader) and vankshanas (kidneys).
    Mutravaha Sroto Dushti Lakshana:
    The characteristic manifestations of the vitiation of these chanels are
    Atisrushta mutra ̵ voiding of to much of urine
    Vibadha mutra ̵ the complete supresion of urine,
    impairment of the composition of urine and ocasionaly or frequently pasing of thick urine Sashola ̵ urination asociated with pain.
    Pureshavaha Srotas vitiatio n features
    Purishavaha Srotas:
    Pureshavaha srotomola ̵
    Pakvashaya ̵ pakvashaya (large intestine) and the sthula guda (rectum)
    Purisavaha srotodusti lakshana:
    he characteristic manifestations of their vitiation are the
    Kruchrena ̵ dificulty in pasing stols
    Alpalpla ̵ low quantity of stols
    Sashabda ̵ noiseful evacuation
    Sashola ̵ painful evacuation
    Atidrava ̵ diarhea, liquidy stols
    Ati grathiata ̵ granular
    voiding of smal quantity of feces with dificulty, voiding of large quantity of very water and every scybalous stol asociated with rational and pain
    Swedavaha Srotas vitiation features
    Svedahavaha srotas:
    Swedavaha srotomola-
    The site of origin of the chanels carying sweat are
    Meda ̵ adipose tisue and
    Lomakopa ̵ hair folicles.
    The characteristic manifestations of their vitiation are absence of perspiration, excesive perspiration, roughnes and abundant smothnes of the body, general burning sensation and horification. [7-8]
    Efect of Srotas vitiation
    Efect of vitiation of diferent srotas:
    Srotas (chanels), Sira (Vein), Dhamani (artery), Rasayani – anti aging, causes cel and tisue rejuvenation (Lymphatic chanel), Rasavahini (capilary), Nadi (duct), Pantha (pasage), Marga (track), Sharira chidra (spaces inside the body), Samvrtasamrta (duct closed at one terminate and open at the other), Sthana (residence), Ashaya (container) and Niketa (Abode)- these are the names atributed to numerous visible and invisible spaces inside the tisue elements of the body.
    Afliction of these chanels leads to the vitiation of the tisue elements residing there or pasing through them- vitiation of one leads to the vitiation of the other. They vitiate chanels and Dhatus respectively. Because of their vitiating nature, Doshas, viz, Vata, and Kapha are responsible for the vitiation of al them (chanels and tisue elements). [9]
    Causes of vitiations of diferent chanels of circulation:
    Pranavaha srotodusti karana:
    Pranavaha Srotodushti karana
    Pranavaha srotodusti ̵ vitiation ocurs due to
    Kshaya ̵ depletion of body tisues, tuberculosis
    Sandharana ̵ supresing natural urges
    Raukshyat ̵ abundant drynes
    Vyayama Kshudhita ̵ excesive exercise by a hungry person
    Udakavaha Srotodushti karana
    Ambuvaha Srotodushti Karana ̵
    Ambuvaha srotas (chanels carying water) get vitiated,
    Aushnyat ̵ by exposure to heat, indigestion, alcoholic drinks, intake of excesively dry fod and lavish thirst.
    Anavaha Srotodushti karana
    Anavahasrotodushti karana ̵
    Anavahasrotamsi (chanels carying Rasa or Plasma) get vitiated due to the excesive intake of heavy, cold and excesively unctuous fod, and over wory.
    Rasavaha Srotodushti karana
    Rasavaha srotodushti Karana ̵ reasons:
    Excesive intake of heavy, cold, exces unctuous fods, exces quantity of fod, tension, point up and wories.
    Ra ktavaha Srotodushti karana
    Raktavaha srotodushti karana:
    Chanels carying blod get vitiated due to the intake of fod and drinks which are iritant, unctuous, hot and liquid, and exposure to sun and fire.
    Mamsavaha Srotodushti karana
    Mamsavaha srotodushti Karana ̵
    Mamsavahasrotamsi (chanels carying muscle tisue) get vitiated by intake of
    Abhishyandhi bhojana ̵ semisold, semi-coked fods
    fod with bulkines and heavy qualities and sleping son after taking fod.
    Medovaha Srotodushti karana
    Medovaha srotodushti Karana:
    Fat chanels are vitiated due to
    lack of exercise, sleping during day time, exces consumption of Varuni (fermented drink prepared by palm dates and date fruits)
    Asthivaha Srotodushti karana
    Asthivaha srotodushti Karana:
    Bone tisue chanels get vitiated by lavish exercise, not consuming fod, abundant friction and intake of Vata increasing fod and drinks.
    Majavaha Srotodushti karana
    Majavaha srotodushti Karana:
    Crushing of bones (due to acident, drop etc), intake of abhishyandi fod, injury, and intake of bad fod combinations (Virudha Ahara)
    Shukravaha Srotodushti karana
    Shukravahasroto dushti karana:
    Causes for vitiation of reproductive chanels ̵ untimely sexual intercourse, witholding ejaculation during orgasm, exces use of kshara, surgical procedure and agnikarma.
    Mutravaha Srotodushti karana
    Mutravaha srotodushti karana:
    Causes for vitiation of urinary system are ̵
    consuming liquids during an hury to urinate, exces sexual intercourse, supresing urge to urinate, Kshaya ̵ depletion of body tisues and due to external injury to it.
    Varchovaha Srotodushti karana
    Varchovaha srotodushti karana:
    Chanels carying feces get vitiated by the supresion of the bustle for defecation, intake of fod in large quantity, intake of fod before the digestion of the previous meal specialy in those who are emaciated and having fragile power of digestion.
    Swedovaha Srotodushti karana
    Svedovaha srotodushti karana:
    Chanels carying sweat get vitiated due to exces of exercise, exposure to exces of heat, indulgence, in chily and hot things without consequent the prescribed impose, netle, grief and dread. [10-2]
    Causative factors for vitiation of chanels of circulation:
    Fod and regimens that promote the morbidity of (agravate) Doshas and go contrary to the wel- being of Dhatus (tisue elements) vitiate the chanels. [23]
    Signs of the vision of chanels of circula tion:
    Increase or impediment of the flow of the contents of the chanels, apearance of nodules in the chanels and diversion of the flow of the contents to gros chanels- these are, in general, the signs (results) of the vitiation of the chanels [24]
    Characteristic features of chanels of circulation:
    These chanels have the color similar to that of the Dhatu they cary; they are tubular, either large or smal in size and either straight or reticulated in shape. [25]
    Line of treatment
    Therapies for the treatment of the vitiation of Prana, Udaka and Anavaha Srotamsi (chanels carying vital breath, water and fod) are the same as those described for the treatment of respiratory disorders (viz, bronchial asthma), macabre thirst and Amasosha (vitiation of the undigested fod product) respectively.
    Therapies prescribed in Charaka Sutrasthana 28/25- 30 for the treatment of condition caused by the vitiation of tisue elements viz, Rasa etc. is adopted here for the treatment of the condition caused by vitiation of the respective chanels. Therapies prescribed by dificulty in pasing urine), diarhoea and fever is adopted for the treatment of the diseases caused by the vitiation of Mutra, Purisha and Sveda Vahasrotamsi (chanels carying urine, feces and swet) respectively. [26-28]
    Sumary
    Determination of the characteristic features of chanels, sites of origin and the general symptoms manifested by the vitiation of the 13 chanels of circulation in the body, names and symptoms of these chanels, vitiation of one by th e other, causes of vitiation of each chanels separately and the treatment in brief al these topics are described in this chapter of Srotovimana adhyaya”.
    A physician who is wel acquainted with al aspects of the entire body and al the diseases manifested there in wel seldom comit mistake in treatment. [29-31]
    Thus ends the 5th chapter on “Srotovimana”, of Vimana fragment of Agnivesha’s work as redacted by Charaka. [5]
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