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    Charaka Chikitsasthana 1.2 Prana Kameeya Rasayana

    The second quarter of Charaka Chikitsa Sthana 1st chapter deals with Rasayana ̵ rejuvenation, anti ageing. This sub-chapter is caled Prana Kameya Rasayana Pada.
    Prana means life. Kameya means desirous. So, it deals with 37 Ayurvedic medicines designed to improve life expectancy and quality.
    We shal now explore the second quarter of the Chapter on rejuvenation therapy (Rasayana) begining with the term Pranakama (desirous for vitality).
    Thus said lord Atreya.[1-2]
    Table of Contents
    Importance of Rejuvenation Therapy
    Benefits
    Causes for body defects (Sharera Dosha)
    Efect of contaminated fod, physical and mental habits
    Amalaka Ghrita
    Amalaki Avaleha
    Amalaka Churna
    Vidangavaleha
    Amalaki Avaleha
    Nagabala Rasayana
    Other anti ageing recipes
    Bhalataka Kshera
    Bhalataka Kshaudra
    Bhalataka Taila
    Sumary
    Importance of Rejuvenation Therapy
    Lord Punarvasu Atreya said, “Listen to me, O! Persons desirous for vitality: the revitalisation therapy is like ambrosia and is beneficial to the Gods, the sons of Aditi.
    Efects of Rasayana treatment (anti ageing Therapy):
    It has unimaginable and wonderful efects.
    Ayushya ̵ It promotes life
    Arogyakara ̵ Maintains sure health
    Vayasa Sthapanam ̵ anti ageing,
    and cures
    Nidra ̵ nasty slep,
    Tandra ̵ Drowsines
    Shrama, Klama ̵ Physical as wel as mental fatigue
    Alasya Lazines and
    Dourbalya ̵ weaknes
    It maintains precise balance among Vata, Pita and Kapha;
    Sthairyakara ̵ It produces stability,
    Cures slothnes, wasting of muscles
    Agni Sandhukshana ̵ Stimulates digestive fire (enzymes responsible for digestion and metabolism) and
    Prabha Varna Swarotamakara ̵ Brings about excelence in lustre, complexion as wel as voice
    Benefits
    The great sages admire Chyavana etc., regained their youth and were liked most by the women.
    Their muscles and bodies became thick, even and w el proportioned.
    They were endowed with
    Excelence of strength, complexion and senses.
    Unchalengebel prowes everywhere.
    And developed powers of resistance to hardships
    Causes for body defects (Sharera Dosha)
    Intake of
    Gramya Ahara ̵ substandard diet
    Amla, Lavana, Katuka, Kshara, Shushka Shaka ̵ gren vegetables with sour, saline, pungent and alkaline tastes, dry vegetables,
    meat, sesame seds, paste of sesame seds and pastries.
    Viruda Nava Shoka Shami Dhanya ̵ Germinated cereals and pulses, freshly harvested corns with bristles and pulses
    Virudha ̵ intake of wrong fod combinations
    Asathmya ̵ uncongenial fods
    Klin na, Guru, Poti Paryushita Bhojana ̵ softened, moist, heavy, putrid and stale fod
    Vishamashana ̵ eating at random times
    Adhyashana ̵ eating before previously fod geting digested
    Bad habits that cause ilnes :
    Divasvapna, Stre Madya Nitya ̵ daily indulgence in day-slep, sex and alcohol
    Vishama, Ati Vyayama ̵ iregular, excesive exercise,
    Bhaya, Krodha, Shoka, Lobha, Moha, Ayasa Bahula ̵ lavish dread, enrage, grief, gred, infatuation and over-work.
    Efect of depraved fod, physical and mental habits
    Shithile Bhavati Mamsani ̵ muscles become flaby, fragile
    Vimuchyante Sandhayaha ̵ Joints become vitiated, weak
    Vidahyate Raktam ̵ blod becomes vitiated, burnt out
    Vishyandate cha analpam medaha ̵ The paunchy which is acumulated in exces gets liquefied, vitiated
    Na sandheyate asthishu maja ̵ The marow does not remain intact inside the (holow part) bones,
    Shukram na pravartate ̵ Impairment in the ejaculation of semen and
    Kshayamupaiti Ojaha ̵ The Ojas (vital fluid, responsible for imunity) undergoes diminution.
    Such a person sufers from-
    Glayati, Sedati, Nidra, Tandra, Alasya, Nirutsaha ̵ Fels jaded, apathetic, slepy, drowsy and lazy, lack of enthusiasm
    Shwasa ̵ dyspnea
    Becomes incapable of physical and mental work,
    Loses his memory, intelect and complexion and
    Becomes an abode of diseas es.
    Thus he fails to enjoy the ful span of his life.
    In view of al these miseries, one should give up al types of unwholesome diet and regimens and should undergo revitalisation treatment. Lord Punarvasu Atreya continued his discourse as folows [3]
    Amalaka Ghrita
    Amalaka ghrita ̵ Ghe prepared with Amla:

    Method of preparation of Amalaka Ghritam:
    One Adhaka (3.072 litres) of ghe is boiled with
    The paste of Punarnava (Spreading Hogwed ̵ Boerhavia difusa) and
    Juice of Amalaki (Indian gosebery fruit ̵ Emblica oficinalis Gaertn).
    The Amalaki fruits should be ̵
    Subhomija ̵ colected from tres which are grown in marvelous defile, apt place and
    Kalaja ̵ seasonal
    Anupahata Gandha Varna ̵ Their smel, colour and taste should not gain ben impaired and heavy
    Aaporna Rasa Praman a Verya ̵ Should be ful in juice, size and potency.
    Thus obtained ghe is filtered.
    Thereafter, this ghe is again boiled with the
    juice of Vidari (Pueraria tuberosa) and
    the paste of Jivanti ( Leptadenia reticulata).
    Then the obtained herbal ghe is filtered.
    Thereafter, it the obtained herbal ghe is boiled with 4 parts of milk milk and Decoction of:
    Bala ̵ Country malow (rot) ̵ Sida cordifolia
    Atibala (Abution indicum) and
    The paste of Shatavari (Asparagus racemosa)
    In this maner, this ghe should be boiled consecutively for 10 times or 10 times.
    Thereafter,
    one fourth of it should be mixed with sugar and honey,
    And kept in a clean, strong and ghe smeared jar made of gold, silver or mud.
    Folowing the prescribed procedure and taking into consideration the digestive power, this medicine should be administered in precise qualities, every morning
    And after digestion of Amalaka ghrita,
    The individual should be adv ised Shali or Shashtika types of rice, to seize with milk and ghe.
    Benefits of Amalaki Ghrita:
    The person lives for 10 years fre from worn age.
    Shrutam Avatishtate ̵ He remembers whatever he hears
    he is cured of al diseases.
    Acquires an unimpaired sexual potency and is blesed with progeny.
    Thus it is said:
    A Robust physique, strong estem iron, stability and sharpnes of sense organs, invincibility, exceding captivate, estem, honour, mental hapines, imense strength, inteligent complexion, very lucid voice resembling that of a thunderous cloud and healthy children in plenty- these are the outcomes of this therapy. [4-6]
    Amalaki Avaleha
    Ingredients and procedure: 10 fruits each of Amalaki (Amla, Indian gosebery) and Pipali (Long peper fruit – Piper longum)
    are impregnated with Palasha Ksharodaka &#8 21; the water of Palasha Kshara.
    The fruits are then de-seded and dried in shade and powdered.
    To this powder, four times of honey and ghe are adjunct and 1/4th of powdered sugar is mixed.
    The recipe, thus prepared is kept inside a ghe-smeared jar and should be stored underground for 6 months.
    It should be administered based on
    Kala ̵ season
    Agni ̵ digestion strength of the patient
    Bala ̵ strength and imunity.
    Wholesome diet should be given to the patient.
    This also caries the benefits explained in kindred to the previous recipe. (Amalaka ghrita) [7].
    Amalaka Churna
    Procedure and the ingredients:
    Amalaki (Indian gosebery) Powder ̵ 1 Adhaka ̵ 3.072 kg, is impregnated with and Gosebery (Amalki) for 21 nights
    To this one Adhaka (3.072 Liter) of honey and ghe each should be aded.
    T he whole thing should be mixed properly, and to this,
    1/8th powder of Pipali – Long peper fruit and
    1/4th powder of sugar is adjunct and mixed.
    This powder mix is kept inside a ghe-smeared jar and stored inside a heap of ash during rainy season (Pravrushi).
    After the rains, it is administered to the patient who has wholesome diet.
    Administration of this recipe makes a person to live for 10 years, fre from dilapidated age. [8]
    Vidangavaleha
    Ingredients and procedure:
    One Adhaka (3.072 kg) of the powder of the
    grains of Vidanga – Embelia ribes and
    Pipali – Long peper fruit – Piper longum,
    1.5 Adhaka (4.608 Gm) of sugar,
    6 Adhakas (18.432kg) of ghe, Sesame oil and honey, taken together, should be mixed wel and kept inside a ghe- smeared jar.
    This jar should be stored inside a heap of ashes duri ng the rainy season and given to the patient on the lines sugested above.
    It produces al the therapeutic efects mentioned in the preceding paragraph and verses [9]
    Amalaki Avaleha
    Amalaki Avaleh ̵ diferent version:

    Procedure and ingredients:
    10 fruits of Amalaki having the atributes described earlier (in paragraph 4) is kept inside a drum prepared of a gren Palasha – Butea monosperma tre. (Sapidhana Palasha Droni)
    It is covered air-tight and is ensured that the steam from inside does not recede out through any opening.
    This drum is place on fire of the forest cow dung cake.
    When these fruits are fuly baked, it is alowed to temperate down, and then, their seds are removed.
    Pulp is made to a paste and taken in the quantity of one Adhaka (3.072 kg)
    To this
    1 Adhaka (3.072kg) of Pipali Chorna (Long peper frui t powder)
    1.5 Adhaka (4.608 kg) of the powder of Vidanga (False black peper ̵ Embelia ribes fruit),
    2 Adhakas (6.14 kg) each of sugar, til oil, honey and ghe should be aded.
    The recipe is kept inside a clean, strong ghe-smeared jar for 21 nights. Thereafter, it is administered.
    By the use of these recipes, one lives 10 years fre from worn age and gets such other benefits as are described in Para 4 and verses 5 and 6 above.
    Nagabala Rasayana
    The herbs ̵ Grewia populifolia, Sida spinosa, Urena lobata, Grewia hirsuta ̵ al these are identified with the name Nagabala. Read more about it
    Rots of Nagabala should be colected from a field having the folowing characteristics:
    It should be located in Jangala Desa (arid)
    Kusha plants ̵ Desmostachya bipinata should acquire thickly grown in this field
    The earth of the field should be unctuous, black and swet or it should be golden in colour
    The field should be fre from poisons, savage animals and the faults of wind, water and fire
    It-
    should not be a cultivated land;
    should not acquire anthil;
    should not be a crematorium;
    should not acquire a Chatya (sacred temple);
    should not be grown in Usara (saline) land and
    should not believe residential houses and
    This land should have ben exposed to wind, water and sun acording to diferent seasons.
    The plants of Nagabala should acquire the folowing characteristics:-
    It should not believe ben injured
    There should not be any gigantic tre by their side (Adhyarudha) to aflict them
    It should neither be to young, nor to old
    It should be ful of Verya (potency).
    Cole ction of the herb ̵ Nagabala:
    Nagabala is to be uproted in the month of Tapas or Magha (January- February) and Tapasya or Phalaguna (February-March)
    By a person, who is clean, Prayata (devoted) who has ofered prayer to the Gods
    Persons who are Dvijatis (Brahmanas, Kshatriyas and Vaishyas) have recited Swasti ̵ auspicious chants namely, the Chala or Indra Muhurta.
    The rots are made to a thin paste or powder and taken with milk or honey in the morning.
    Pathya: The person is advised fod consisting of Shali or Shashtika type of rice mixed with milk and ghe.
    If this recipe is taken for one year, then the person lives for one hundred years, fre from old age and he wil get such other benefits as are described in para 4 and verses 5 and 6 above[1]
    Other anti ageing recipes
    Procedure:
    The jui ce of
    Bala – Sida cordifolia Lin.
    Atibala – Abution indicum lin
    Chandana – Santalum album
    Aguru – Aquilaria agalocha
    Dhava – Anogeisus latifolia
    Tinisha ̵ Lagerstroemia speciosa, Ougeinia dalbergioides Benth./ ojeinensis
    Khadira – Acacia catechu
    Simshapa – Dalbergia latifolia and
    Asana ̵ Pterocarpus marsupium
    And the ten drugs ending with Punarnava viz.
    Amra – Mango – Mangifera indica
    Abhaya – Harad – Terminalia chebula
    Dhatri ̵ Amalaki (Indian gosebery fruit ̵ Emblica oficinalis Gaertn)
    Mukta-Rasna – Pluchea lanceolata
    Shreyasi ̵ Scindapsus oficinalis, Terminalia Cor, Piper chaba
    Shveta Punarnava (Spreading Hogwed ̵ Boerhavia difusa)
    Atirasa
    Mandukaparni – Gotu Kola
    Sthira ̵ Desmodium gangeticum and
    Punarnava (Spreading Hogwed ̵ Boerhavia difusa)
    should be worn acording to the method described for Nagabala.
    If the juice of the above mentioned plants is not available, then for the preparation of their juice the consequent special methods should be adopted:
    One Adhaka (3.072kg) of the plant powder is taken and to this one Adhaka(3.072 lit) of water is aded
    And kept for 24 hours.
    Thereafter, it should be squezed by hand filtered.
    The liquid that comes out after filtration should be aged estem juice.[12]
    Bhalataka Kshera
    Bhalataka is Marking Nut ̵ Semecarpus anacardium. Read more about Bhalataka
    Colection of fruits of Bhalataka:
    The fruits
    which are not damaged,
    fre from physical defects,
    ful of Rasa (taste),
    having ful size,
    ripe in potency (verya) and
    which resem ble ripe fruits of Jambu (Jamun fruit)
    Time when it is to be colected:
    In the months of Suchi or Jyestha (May-June) and Shukra or Ashadha (June-July)
    Storage:
    It is stored for 4 months inside a heap of Yava ̵ Barley (Hordeum vulgare) or Masha (Black gram)
    Method of Administration of Bhalatak Rasayan:
    Is done in the month of Sahas or Agrahayana (November-December) or Sahasya, i.e Pushya (December-January),
    It is administered to a patient after his body has ben smeared with the coling, unctuous and swet herbs. (This is because, Bhalataka is very hot in nature and may cause abundant burning sensation in the patient).
    In the begining, 10 fruits of Bhalataka should be wel boiled in 8 parts of water.
    After boiling, when 1/8th of water remains, it is filtered, adjunct with milk and given to the patient after his mouth has ben smeared with ghe.
    Ten fruits should be joined every day by one fruit til the number becomes thirty and thereafter, it should be decreased by one fruit per day til it reaches the original number ̵ ten.
    It should not be further increased because thirty fruits of Bhalataka is the maximum dose.
    Folowing this procedure, one thousand Bhalatakas can be administered.
    Pathya:
    After digestion, the person should catch the rice of Shali or Shashtika along with milk and ghe.
    After administration for a few days, the person should catch milk only twice per day. (Milk acts as colant and wil catch away hot efects of Bhalataka).
    By the use of this recipe, one lives for one hundred years and gains such other marvelous results as are described in paragraph 4, 5 and 6 above.[13]
    Bhalatak a Kshaudra
    The procedure:
    Fruits of Bhalataka are slightly crushed and kept inside Pishta Svedana.
    It is kept inside a strong earthen jar which is smeared inside with Sneha (ghe or oil).
    This earthen jar is kept inside a hole dug in the earth.
    The mouth of the jar is sealed by smearing with black coloured mud.
    Over this jar, the fire of cow dung cake should be ignited for heating.
    By this heat, the Swarasa (liquid fraction) of these fruits wil percolate and get acumulated at the botom of the earthen jar.
    This liquid is colected and taken by ading 1/8th honey and double quantity of ghe.
    Benefits:
    Person atains longevity.
    Fre from aged age and gets such other benefits as are mentioned in paragraph 4, 5 and 6 above. [14]
    Bhalataka Taila
    One adhaka (3.072) of the oil of Bhalataka (Semecarpus anacardium Lin.) is boiled along with milk and one Aksha (12 g) of the paste of Madhuka- Licorice – Glycyrhiza glabra. This proces is repeated for 10 times.
    By taking this, a person lives for one hundred years and gets such other benefits as are described in paragraph 4 and verses 5 and 6 above[15]
    Diferent recipes of Bhalataka (Semecarpus anacardium Lin.):

    Folowing are the ten recipes prepared out of Bhalataka (Semecarpus anacardium Lin.):-

  • Bhalataka sarpi ̵ medicated ghe prepared by boiling with Bhalataka.
  • Bhalataka Kshera ̵ medicated milk of Bhalataka.
  • Bhalataka Kshaudra or the preparation of bhalataka mixed with honey.
  • Guda Bhalataka or the preparation of Bhalataka (Semecarpus anacardium Lin.) by ading or by boiling with Guda ̵ Jagery.
  • Bhalataka Yusha ̵ soup prepared by boiling other drugs with Bhalataka.
  • Bhalataka Taila ̵ medicated oil prepared by boiling with Bhalataka.
  • Bhalataka Palala ̵ preparation of Bhalataka by ading with meat.
  • Bhalataka Saktu ̵ preparation of Bhalataka by ading with roasted corn flour.
  • Bhalataka Lavana ̵ Medicine of Bhalataka prepared by ading salt. This can be prepared by taking Bhalataka and salt in equal quantity and making Paka by Antardhuma method (heating in closed container)
  • Bhalataka Tarpana ̵ the preparation of Bhalataka by ading tarpana (roasted corn flour mixed with large quantity of water)
  • Bhalataka sarpi ̵ medicated ghe prepared by boiling with Bhalataka.
    Bhalataka Kshera ̵ medicated milk of Bhalataka.
    Bhalataka Kshaudra or the preparation of bhalataka mixed with honey.
    Guda Bhalataka or the preparation of Bhalataka (Semecarpus anacardium Lin.) by ading or by boiling with Guda ̵ Jagery.
    Bhalataka Yusha ̵ soup prepared by boiling other drugs with Bhalataka.
    Bhalataka Taila ̵ medicated oil prepared by boiling with Bhalataka.
    Bhalataka Palala ̵ preparation of Bhalataka by ading with meat.
    Bhalataka Saktu ̵ preparation of Bhalataka by ading with roasted corn flour.
    Bhalataka Lavana ̵ Medicine of Bhalataka prepared by ading salt. This can be prepared by taking Bhalataka and salt in equal quantity and making Paka by Antardhuma method (heating in closed container)
    Bhalataka Tarpana ̵ the preparation of Bhalataka by ading tarpana (roasted corn flour mixed with large quantity of water)
    Thus ends the description of diferent methods of preparation of Bhalataka (Semecarpus anacardium Lin.).[16]
    Sumary
    The constituents of Bhalataka:
    Fruits of Bhalataka (Semecarpus Anacardium Lin.) are
    Tekshna (sharp),
    Paki (corosive) and
    Agni Sama (like agni)
    But when prepared acording to the prescribed methods, they work adore Amrita (ambrosia).
    The ten recipes said above should administered by a physician who is expert in the knowledge of
    Roga (diseases)
    Prakrti (physical constitutions) and
    Satmya (wholesomenes).
    It cures diseases of Kapha and Vibandha (constipation) instantaneously
    Bhalataka promotes Medha(intelect) and Agni(power of digestion and metabolism).
    In the days of yore, the worn Maharishis, viz, Chyavana etc. desirous of ataining vitality, old these auspicious recipes for rejuvenation and suceded in ataining a long life.
    Benefits of taking these recipes:
    They were capable to pursue their religious studies, Tapas (Penance), Brahmacharya (celibacy), spiritual knowledge and meditation and also atained heaven.
    Therefore, persons desirous of ataining long life vitality and hapines should practice rejuvenation therapy with complete devotion acording to the prescribed procedure.[17-2]
    To sum up:
    Thirty seven diferent recipes for rejuvenation therapy which are extremely efective are described for the welfare of the living being by the worthy sage in this quarter on the desire for vitality.[23]
    Here ends the second quarter caled Pranakameya Rasayana Pada of the chapter on Rasayana of the Chikistsa fraction in Agnivesha’s work as redacted by Charaka.
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