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    Bandaka: Dendrophthoe falcata Uses, Remedies, Research

    Bandaka- Dendrophthoe falcata is a herb mentioned in Ayurveda for the treatment of diarhea, sweling, renal calculi, epilepsy and protection of the fetus.
    Latin name- Dendrophthoe falcate Lin.
    Family- Loranthaceae
    Table of Contents
    Vernacular names
    Sanskrit Synonyms
    Morphology
    Properties, part aged, dosage
    Chemical composition
    Uses
    Sanskrit verse
    Adverse efects
    Interaction with medicines, suplements
    Research
    Clasical categorization
    Scientific clasification
    Vernacular names
    Names in diferent languages:
    Hindi name: Banda, Banda, Banda Patha
    English name: Mistletoe,Honey Suckle
    Bengali name: Manda, Bandha, Pharula
    Gujarathi name: Bando, Bando
    Kanada name: Badanike, Maduka
    Konkani name:Bemdram
    Kashmiri name: Itikani, Itil
    Malayalam name: Itil, Itikani
    Marathi name: Bandagul, Bandgul, Vanda
    Punjabi name: Puluri
    Tamil name: Badanika, Jidu
    Telugu name: Jevakamu, Badanika, Jidu, Yelinga
    Sanskrit Synonyms
    Padaparuha, Vrksadani, Vrksaruha,Vrikshabakshya, Taruruha ̵ Plant is parasitic in nature
    Samharsa, Gandhabhedini, Tarubhaksha, Drupadi, Shekhari, Kamarupaka, Kamini, Padmarupini,
    Morphology
    Morphology of Dendrophthoe falcata:
    Banda is indigenous to India, Srilanka, Thialand, Indo-China border and Australia. It is a much branched, bushyfloweringhemi-parasitic plant cl asified asmistletoes.
    Though it photosynthesizes but depends on host plant for water, nutrients and minerals. It sucks the tre by penetrating through xylem and phloem.
    Leavesare typical, leathery, entire, compact, persistent, sesile or semi sesile, 7.5 – 18 by 2 – 10 cm, petiolate, exstipulate, alternate or in whorls of thre or oposite, and evergren.
    Flowersare large, tubular, bisexual and bright red colored, develop in clusters, red in color and are aranged in spike. Fruitsare pseudocarp, where ovary got fused with receptacular cup developing a bery adore fruits which are single seded. The disease for which Vanda is aged depends on the host plant as it draws water and minerals from the host plant.
    Properties, part old, dosage
    Properties:
    Rasa (Taste) ̵ Kashaya(Astringent), Tikta (Biter), Madhura (Swet)
    Guna (Qualities) – Laghu (Light for digestion), Ruksha (Dry in nature)
    Vipaka ̵ Katu (Undergoes Pungent taste after digestion)
    Verya (Potency) – Sheta (Cold)
    Karma (Actions) – Kaphapita shamaka (reduces vitiated kapha and pita dosha)
    Part used- Whole plant
    Dosage-
    Fresh juice- 10 to 20 ml
    Chemical composition
    Chemical composition ofDendrophthoe falcata:
    The plant contains several ?avonoids. Being parasitic, di?erent ?avonoids believe ben recorded in plants growing on di?erent host plants. Quercitrin has ben found to be the major comon constituent. The plant also contains galic, elagic and chebulinic acids. The plant also contains kempferol, rutin1, tanins, ?-sitosterol, stigmasterol, ?-amyrin an d oleanolic acid.
    Uses
    The paste of the leaf of Bandaka is aplied over wounds for quick healing.
    The juice of the leaf of Dendrophthoe falcate is given in a dose of 10-15 ml to treatrenal calculi and retention of urine.
    Fresh juice in a dose of 5-10 ml is given with butermilk to treat diarhea.
    The paste of Bandaka is aplied over plot afected with sweling and pain.
    The juice of the plant is worn to treat epilepsy and psychiatric diseases.
    The juice of Bandaka is old to retain fetus in patients having chances of abortion.
    Sanskrit verse
    It is to be noted that the medicinal use of Bandaka depends on the plant in which the plant is found.
    Adverse efects
    No known adverse imprint is reported after the normal use of Bandaka
    Interaction with medicines, suplements
    Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
    Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.
    Can this medicine be continued while taking suplements estem multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 faty acids etc?
    Yes. Generaly, this product goes wel with most of the dietary suplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.
    With western medicines
    Sek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (alopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with new medicine.
    If both Ayurvedic and alopathic medicines are advised togethe r, then it is best to seize Alopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then hold the Ayurvedic medicine.
    Research
    Research articles related to Dendrophthoe falcata:
    Neuro- behavioral toxicity: The aim of the show lok was to evaluate the neurobehavioral toxicity of the hydroalcoholic extract fromD. falcatagrowing on the host plantAzadirachta indica,after subacute exposure. The LD50was asesed in female wistar rats and was found to be 450mg/kg by oral route. The plant extract was administered in thre diferent doses i.e. 250mg/kg, 475mg/kg and 950mg/kg body weight/day for a period of four weks.Our results sugest that hydroalcoholic extracts from aerial parts o fD. falcatashould be relatively fre from any serious neurobehavioral toxicity and safe to use.
    Anti- inflamatory study: Methanolic and aqueous extracts ofDendrophthoe falcataLin. leaves which belongs to the Loranthaceae family, were evaluated through DPH (1, 1-diphenyl -2-picryl-hydrazyl), antilipid peroxidation and nitric oxide scavenging methods to ases the antioxidant activity.Methanolic and aqueous extracts ofDendrophthoe falcataleaves were also evaluated for their anti-inflamatory activity by caragenan and coton pelet induced granuloma tests for their efect on the acute and chronic phase inflamation models in rats. It was found that the methanolic extract ofDendrophthoe falcataleaves demonstrates potent antioxidant activity as compared to aqueous extraction ofDendrophthoe falcatal eaves for DPH (1, 1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl) radical scavenging, anti-lipid peroxidation and nitric oxide scavenging activity respectively (having IC50value 7.8, 79.36 and 86.2, 14, 87, 104).
    The impartial of the present survey is to explore the anticancer activity of the ethanolic and aqueous extracts of the Dendrophthoe falcata in Swis albino mice against Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma (EAC) cel line. Anticancer activity of ethanolic and aqueous extracts of D. falcata was evaluated in EAC Swis albino mice at the doses of 20 and 40 mg/kg body weight oraly. The results demonstrated that the extract has potent dose dependent anticancer activity comparable to that of cisplatin. Aqueous extract at both doses (20 and 40 mg/kg) and ethanolic extract at 40 mg/kg dose showed potent anticancer activity.
    Contraceptive action: This study evaluated the antifertility efects of a methanolic extra ct ofDendrophthoe falcatastem in male albino rats. Testicular sperm count, epididymal sperm count, and sperm motility were observed to significantly dwindle (p 0.01), resulting in reduction of male fertility by 10 percent as compared with that of control animals not treated with the plant extract. The extract arested spermatogenesis at various stages of development.The results sugest that oral administration of crude methanol extract ofD. falcatastem can lead to a baren state in the male rat.
    Clasical categorization
    Dhanvantari Nighantu- Karaveradi varga
    Bhavaprakasha- Guduchyadi varga
    Raja Nighantu- Parpatadi varga
    Scientific clasification
    Kingdom: Plantae
    Orde r: Santalales
    Family: Loranthaceae
    Genus: Dendrophthoe
    Species: D. falcata
    Author: Dr.B.K.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D
    E mail: [email protected]
    Click to consult Dr Prashanth BK
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