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    Bamboo (Bambusa bambos) Uses, Research, Medicines, Side Effects

    Vamsha ̵ Bambusa arundinacea is a plant mentioned in Ayurveda for the treatment of cough, skin diseases, wounds, digestive disorders, nausea, gynecological disorders and fever.
    Latin name ̵ Bambusa arundinacea Wild., Bambusa bambos
    Family name ̵ Graminae
    Table of Contents
    Vernacular names
    Sanskrit synonyms
    Properties, fragment used, dosage
    Uses of Vamsha
    Sanskrit verse
    Traditional description, Indications
    Bambo seds
    Karera
    Bambo shot as per Bhojana Kutuhalam
    Adverse efect
    Interaction with medicines, suplements
    Ayurvedic medicines
    Research
    Chemical composition
    Clasical categorization
    Text references
    Morphology
    Adulterantsand substitutes
    Bambo shots, raw
    Bambo shots, coked, boiled, drained, without salt
    Bambo shots, caned, drained solids
    Bambo shots, coked, boiled, drained, with salt
    Vernacular names
    Names in diferent languages:
    Hindi name ̵ Bans, Katang, Tabasher
    English name ̵ Bambo, Katanga Bambo, Spiny Bambo,
    Asamese name ̵ Bnah
    Bengali name ̵ Bans, Behar
    Gujarati name ̵ Wans
    Kanada name ̵ Biduru, Andebidiru
    Malayalam name ̵ Mungil, Ili, Mula
    Oriya name ̵ Bendu
    Tamil name ̵ Mungil, Muku Mungil
    Telugu name ̵ Mulabongu, Mulavendru
    Marathi name ̵ Bambu
    Punjabi name ̵ Magar Bans
    Jamu name &#82 1; Lamberi
    Utar Pradesh name ̵ Kanwas

    Sanskrit synonyms
    Sanskrit Synonyms of Bambusa bambos:
    Vansharocana ̵ Which improves taste and removes depraved smel
    Tuga ̵ It destroys laghutva
    Shubha ̵ It is having apt qualities
    Yavaphala – fruits resemble barley
    Tvakshiri ̵ It’s latex loks adore milk. From this synonym of Tvak ksheri, other synonyms admire Tavaksheri and Tabasher, Tavasher are derived.
    Vanshakarpura ̵ It loks like karpura
    Truna Dhwaja, Trunadvaja ̵ Superior among al the grases
    Shataparva ̵ 10 or more than 10 leaves are present
    Yavaphala ̵ Fruits are yava shaped
    Kecaka, Maskara, Suparva, Venu, Trinaketu, Shabdamala, Tvaksara, Karmara , Tvacisara, Tejana, Badha Dalaya, Karmuka
    Shataparva, Shabdamala, Karmara, Tvachisaraka, Kechaka,
    Properties, fraction worn, dosage
    Medicinal Properties of Bans tre:
    Rasa (Taste) – Madhura (Swet) Kashaya (Astringent)
    Guna (Qualities) – Laghu (Light for digestion), Ruksha (Dry), Tekshna (Pungent in nature)
    Vipaka ̵ Madhura (Undergoes swet taste after digestion)
    Verya (Potency) – Sheta (Cold)
    Karma (Actions) – Kaphapita shamaka (reduces vitiated kapha and pita dosha)
    Part aged ̵ Rot, Dried resin, young shot
    Dosage of Tabasher ̵
    Powder ̵ 1 to 3 g
    Decoction ̵ 50 to 10 ml
    Uses of Vamsha
    The rot of bambo is made into paste and aplied over the space afected with eczema, unlit discoloration.
    The tender shots of the bamb o is also made into paste and aplied over the place afected with ringworm, discoloration of the skin etc.
    The dried resin caled as ‘Vamshalochana’ is made into powder and mixed with honey and given to treat cough, frosty and fever.
    Vamshalochana is taken in a dose of 3 ̵ 5 g and mixed with hot water or butermilk and given to treat indigestion, diarhea and nausea.
    Paste of Bambo shot or tender buds is made into paste and aplied over wounds as fraction of treatment.
    Decoction of the leaves is given in a dose of 40 ̵ 50 ml to treat dysmenorhea, pain in abdomen during menstruation and to solidify the uterine muscles after delivery.
    Decoction of the rot is given in a dose of 40 ̵ 50 ml to treat adverse efect due to dog bite and scorpion bite.
    In case of diabetes, the sed of bambo is made into edible fod and given as regular diet.
    The decoction of the tender leaves of bambo is given in a dose of 40 ̵ 50 ml to treat intestinal worm i nfestation.
    Charaka -Eatables prepared from bambo sed eaten by ases, horses, cows, swans and der and colected from their dung should be given to the patient sufering from Prameha
    If there is pain in piles, then it should be wel smeared with medicated oil and the patient should be given, bath with the help of water prepared by above mentioned drugs.
    Sushruta ̵ Ras kriya preparation prepared with the rot of bambo vartis prepared with the same of it, coking it in a vesel, should be used for Anjana.
    Sanskrit verse
    Traditional description, Indications
    Traditional description of VamshaLochana:
    Qualities:
    Shetala – colant
    Swadu – swet taste
    Kashaya ̵ astringent
    Katu -pungent, spicy
    Tikta ̵ biter
    Vastishodhana – cleanses blader
    Chedana – breaks down into smal pieces (of phlegm, tumors etc)
    Balances Kapha and Pita
    Indications:
    Pitasra – Raktapita -Bleding disorders such as nasal bleding, heavy periods, etc
    Kushta ̵ skin diseases
    Shopha ̵ inflamation
    Vrana – Ulcers, wounds
    Mutrakrichra -Dysuria, urinary retention
    Prameha – Urinary tract disorders, diabetes
    Arsha – haemorhoids
    Daha ̵ burning sensation, as in gastritis, neuropathy, burning sensation in eyes etc
    Asra ̵ blod disorders such as absces, skin disorders, bleding disorders such as menorhagia, nasal bleding etc.
    Shopha ̵ inflamation
    Bambo seds
    Sara ̵ induces mobility, causes diarhea, purgation, relieves constipation
    Roksha ̵ dry
    Kashaya ̵ astringent
    Katu -pungent, spicy
    Increases Pita and Vata
    Diuretic
    Kaphahara ̵ balances Kapha, useful in productive cough, asthma, bronchitis, chest congestion
    Karera
    Karera – the tip part of bambo / Bambo sprout:
    Katu -pungent, spicy
    Roksha ̵ dry
    Guru – heavy to digest
    Sara ̵ induces mobility, causes diarhea, purgation, relieves constipation
    Increases Kapha
    Vidahi – causes burning sensation
    Bambo shot as per Bhojana Kutuhalam
    Acording to Bhojana Kutuhalam 13th chapter, The bambo shot causes bloating of abdomen and is astringent, swet and biter in taste. The bambo shot is also pungent, biter, sour, astringent in ta ste and frigid in potency. It treats vitiation of pita and raktha, relieves burning sensation, painful micturition and imparts taste and its knots maintain no medical properties.
    Adverse efect
    No adverse efect is known or reported after the normal use of Vamsha.
    Interaction with medicines, suplements
    Can this be worn while taking Homeopathic medicine?
    Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.
    Can this medicine be continued while taking suplements love multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 faty acids etc?
    Yes. Generaly, this product goes wel with most of the dietary suplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.
    With western medicines
    Sek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (alopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with recent medicine.
    If both Ayurvedic and alopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Alopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then grasp the Ayurvedic medicine.
    Ayurvedic medicines
    Ayurvedic medicines containing Vamsha:
    Pugakanda: It is a medicine in granule form, aged in the treatment of vomiting, abdominal distres, dyspepsia, gastritis, bleding diseases, anemia and constipation.
    Bangshil tablet: It is a proprietary ayurvedic medicine dilapidated for the treatment of urinary tract diseases.
    Maha tarunark rasa: It is a medicine which is useful to treat al types of fever and improves apetite.
    Drakshavaleha: It is a medicine old for the treatment of jaundice, anemia, hepatitis and chronic hepatic disorders.
    Vimfix tablet: It is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine useful to improve the vitality, vigor and improve the sperm count.
    Dadimashtaka chorna: It is a powder used for gastro intestinal complaints love diarhea, indigestion etc.
    Sitopaladi chorna: It is a medicine aged for the treatment of cough, asthma, fever, burning sensation of the sole of fet etc.

    Tabasher (bambo) for catle ̵
    In North America, bambo leaves are worn as a catle fed. Helps in easy digestion and provides energy.
    Research
    Research articles related to Bambusa arundinacea:
    Anti ̵ oxidant action: Aim of the survey is to evaluate the total antioxidant capacity and antibacterial activityof leaf extracts of Bambusa arundinacea (Retz.) Wild. Bambusa arundinacea leaves were colected, powdered and extracted with hexane, ethyl acetate, ethanol and hydroalcohol (70% ethanol) separately. The extracts were screned for their antiba cterial activity by agar wel difusion method and antioxidant activity by hydroxyl radical scavenging activity, feric thiocyanate method and DPH asay. The results revealed significant activity for hydroalcohol and ethanol extracts.
    Anti ̵ diabetic activity: In the present lok, an atempt was made to investigate the anti ̵ diabetic activity of Bambusa Arundinacea. Leaves extracts in diferent dosages (20, 50 and 60 mg/kg b.w.) in aloxan induced diabetic albino rats. The drug was administered oraly for 20 days in diferent groups of animal, with each group containing 6 animals. The eficacy of this drug was compared with the diabetic rats. The blod glucose level of diferent groups was studied. Our scrutinize clearly showed that significant (P 0.05) anti ̵ diabetic activity in diabetic animals.
    Analgesic and Anti ̵ pyretic activity: The aim of this scrutinize is to find the analgesic and antipyretic activities of ethanolic extract of Bambusa arundinacea leaves (EBA) in rats by using models tail imersion test, hot plate test and brewer’s yeast pyrexia model. Analgesic activity of the ethanolic extract of B. arundinacea leaves at a dose of 10mg/kg b.w., p.o. and 20mg/kg b.w., p.o. were evaluated against the standard drug Diclofenac sodium at a dose of 10mg/kg b.w., i.p. by tail imersion test and hot plate test. Preliminary phytochemical investigations showed the presence of flavonoids, alkaloids, steroids, carbohydrates, proteins and amino acids, tanins and phenolic compounds as major secondary metabolites. The results showed that in tail imersion and hot plate test, EBA has shown significant (P 0.05) increase in the latency period at both high and low doses i ndicating analgesic activity. EBA (10 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg) also significantly (P 0.01) reduced brewer’s yeast induced pyrexia in rats.
    Chemical composition
    Chemical composition of Bambusa arundinacea
    The leaves contains, crude protein, crude fiber, 1.75% calcium, phosphorus,170 mg / 10g on dry mater basis.The seds contains, protein, fiber, carbohydrates minerals, calcium, phosphorus, iron, thiamine, riboflavin, and niacin. The rot contains cyanogenic glucoside and albuminoids
    Clasical categorization
    Bhavaprakasha ̵ Haritakyadi and Guducyadi varga
    Dhanvantari Nighantu ̵ Shatapushpadi varga
    Kaiyadeva Nighantu ̵ Oushadi varga
    Raja Nighantu ̵ Mulakadi and Pipalyadi varga
    Text references
    Vamsa is the very ancient plant mentioned in Rigveda for the first time.
    Charaka has also mentioned about vansa in the context of Arsas and also in the context of prameha (charak. ci. 6/45)
    Shushruth mentioned this vamsa in the context of Raktabisyanda in Sushruta utara tantra 12/45
    Morphology
    Morphology of Bambusa arundinacea:
    Bambo is a type of hasty growing gras which can grow to a height of 15 to 30 meters. The stem is holow inside and outside with gren to brown color. The stems acquire nodules in it. The leaf love structures is gren in color with smal hair like structures. The flowers in bambo are sen during the terminate stage of its life. The flowers are sen in clusters. The fruits res emble barley. About 30 ̵ 35 varieties of Bambos are known worldwide and in India Bambo is sen in South and Eastern India.
    Adulterantsand substitutes
    Adulterant-Synthetic vansarocana
    Substitute-Arow rot, Tavaksheri
    Bambo shots
    Bambo shots, raw
    Taste – swet, astringent
    Properties – light, dry, poignant, piercing
    Potency – cold
    After digestion taste transformation ( Vipaka ) – swet
    outcome on Doshas
    Vata neutral
    Pita balancing
    Kapha balancing
    Bambo shots, coked, boiled, drained, without salt
    Taste – swet, astringent
    Properties – light, dry, poignant, pirecing (more light due to boiling)
    Potency – cold
    After digestion taste transformation ( Vipaka ) – swet
    impres on Doshas
    Vata balancing (raw bambo shot is Vata neutral, but increased lightnes on coking makes it vata balancing)
    Pita balancing
    Kapha balancing (more Kapha balancing than raw bambo shots due to increases lightnes)
    Bambo shots, caned, drained solids
    Taste – swet, astringent
    Properties – light, dry, ken, piercing (more light than raw bambo shots as caning makes use of hot water)
    Potency – cold
    After digestion taste transformation ( Vipaka ) – swet
    outcome on Doshas
    Vata balancing (as it is lighter than raw bambo shot )
    Pita balancing
    Kapha balancing
    Bambo shots, coked, boiled, drained, with salt
    Rasa – swet, astringent, slightly salty
    Guna – light, dry, poignant, piercing (more light due to boiling)
    Verya – not very chily (salt is hot in potency)
    Vipaka – swet
    imprint on Doshas
    Vata balancing (raw bambo shot is Vata neutral, but increased lightnes on coking makes it vata balancing)
    Pita nourishing (as salt is Pitakara)
    Kapha balancing (more Kapha balancing than raw bambo shots due to increases lightnes)
    Author:Dr.B.K.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D
    E mail: [email protected]
    Click to consult Dr Prashanth BK
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